Darby Chapter 14 Vital Signs Quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Darby Chapter 14 Vital Signs Quiz 1 Deck (44)
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1

Vital Signs are often an indication of a patients ___and ___

cardiovascular and overall health

2

Patients may exhibit abnormal vital signs due to a variety of causes, including

pathologic conditions and other external factors that may be unrelated to health

3

Vital Signs are indicators of health status: what are the indicators

Body Temp
Pulse Rate
Blood Pressure

4

What techniques are used to determine vital signs

Inspection, Palpation, Auscultation

5

Acceptable Ranges for Adults
Body Temp:
Pulse:
Respirations:
Blood Pressure:

Body Temp: 36 C - 38 C or 96.8-100.4
Average oral 98.6 or 37 C
Pulse: 60-100 beats per minute Average 80 beats
Respirations: 12-20 respirations per minute
Blood Pressure
120/80

6

When to take vital signs

-before/after/druing surgical procedures
-at every ccx
-when pt taking medication that can affect bp
-before administering anesthetic/nitrous

7

Allow patient to sit quietly for at lest _ minutes before taking blood pressure

5 minutes

8

Body temperature is regulated by

the brains hypothalamic area, which acts as the bodys thermostat

9

The hypothalamus senses changes in ____ and sends ___ out to the body to correct them

temperature
impulses

10

Body perspires when

rise in body temp

11

body shivers

decrease in body temp

12

5 sites to measure body temp

Oral, Ear, rectal, axilla, forehead

13

Body temp is recorded in

degrees fahrenheit

14

Different thermometers

Disposable
Tympanic membrane
Axillary electronic
Pacifier
Electronic digital

15

If fever is suspected patient should be

rescheduled

16

If a fever is present and it is dental related

immediate treatment and antibiotic therapy may be indiacted

17

Integrity of the cardiovascular system, Intermittent beat of the heart felt through the walls of an artery

Pulse

18

Tachycardia

above 100 beats per minute. Elevated heart rate. However normal for stress or exercise

19

Bradycardia

below 60 beats per mintue abnormal slow heart rate, athletes may have bradycardia as result of physcial conditioning

20

Body Sites where the rhythmic beats of an artery can be felt

Pulse Points

21

Most common site for assesing pulse. How many fingers used

Radial Pulse.2

22

When taking pulse and cant find radial pulse use

carotid pulse on neck

23

Pulse Descriptions

Heart Rhythm (regular or irregular)
Pulse Quality (thready, strong, bounding, weak

24

Alternating strong and weak heartbeats may indicate ventricular failure

Pulsus alternans

25

rate is assessed by counting the rise and fall (i.e, inspiration and expiration) of the patient's chest and is recorded as respirations per minute (rpm).

Respiration

26

Tachypnea

rapid breathing greater than 20 rpm may indicate restricitve lung disease or inflammation of the lungs

27

3 things asscotiated with increased breathing

physcial exercise
anxiety
metabolic acidosis

28

Deep labored breathing is associated with

diabetic ketoacidosis

29

obstructed breathing is associated with 4 things

asthma
chronic bronchitis
congetstive heart disease
chronic obstrcutive pulmonary disease

30

the force exerted by the blood against the arterial walls when the heart contracts, is an important indicator of current cardiovascular function and a risk indicator of future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Blood Pressure