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Flashcards in Cumman na nGhaedhael Deck (27)
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1

Who changed their name to this

Pro-treaty TDs of Sinn Féin

2

Leader

William T Cosgrave

3

Anti Treaty TDs name

Sinn Féin

4

1923 - 32

Years in power

5

Problems they faced

Economy in ruins
Bitterness between treaty sides
Ignored by anti-treaty side

6

The Constition

Two houses of parliament
1. Dáil Éireann 2. Seanad Éireann
MPs swore oath of alliegance
Government-general was king's rep.

7

Cumann na nGaedhael main task

To restore law and order

8

Minister for home affairs (justice)

Kevin O'Higgins

9

New unarmed police formed

An Garda Síochána

10

O'Higgins introduced

The Public Safety Acts in 1923 and 1924

11

Public Safety Acts

Allowed the government to imprison IRA members

12

Army mutiny

Gov tried to reduce army size.
Officers complained, plans dropped
Army condemned the gov for no republic
Gov considered this mutiny and arrested those involved
Major achievement of the new government.

13

General Election 1923

Sinn Féin refused to claim their 44 seats
Meant Labour were opposing party

14

Agricultural Credit Corporation

Set up to give loans to farmers

15

Shannon Scheme

Hydroelectric Power station buikt
Provided cheap electricity
ESB set up to distribute electricity.

16

Boundary commission

Est 1924

17

IFS rep

Eoin MacNeill

18

Unionist rep (NI)

JR Fisher

19

Neutral rep

Justice Richard Feetham
South African so biased

20

Result (boundary)

IFS would lose land
Uproar in IFS
Mac Neill resigned
Border left unchanged after Cosgrave negotiated

21

Cumann na nGhaedhael goals

Increased independence

22

Tactics to be more independent

Joined League of Nations
Appointed ambassadors to the Vatican and US
Pressured Britain into increasing dominions' independence.

23

Statute of Westminster

1931
Meant Dáil could pass any laws w/ out British approval
Could change law (all dominions)

24

Origin of Fianna Fáil

1926 anti treaty TDs
Wouldn't swear oath
Couldn't enter Dáil
De Valera

25

Cumann na nGaedhael became unpopular

Depression caused high unemployment
They cut teachers' salaries to save money.

26

Fianna Fáil promised to

Break up treaty
Tax imports
Build houses for the poor
Improve pensions for the poor

27

Achievements of Fine Gael

Created employment (agr + Shannon Scheme)
Repaired economy
Provided cheap electricity
Statute of Westminster
Garda Síochána
Prevented Army Mutiny
Public Safety Acts
Achieved independence
Electoral Amendment Act