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Flashcards in Cultural anthropology exam review Deck (19)
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1

informant

- a person providing info about a community

2

ethnology

- study origins and cultures of different people

3

ethnography

- resulting work of anthropologists who research a culture through participant observation

4

kinship

- relationship btwn 2 people based on ancestry, marriage, or adoption

5

subjective

- conclusions shaped by a person's cultural and personal perspective, feelings, etc.

6

objective

- conclusions shaped by facts and data

7

reflexivity

- practice of reflecting on your own world view

8

anthropological schools of thought: cultural evolutionism

- (19th century and worst)
- idea that civilizations would become civilized like European cultures

9

anthropological schools of thought: cultural relativism

- Franz Boas
- all cultures have their own rules making sure they can't be compared to other cultures

10

anthropological schools of thought: cultural functionalism

- Malinowski
- every belief, action, or relationship meet peoples needs
- cultures are successful when needs are met

11

anthropological schools of thought: cultural materialism

- understanding cultures by environmental resources
- infrastructure --> structure --> superstructure

12

anthropological schools of thought: feminist anthropology

- re-examination focused on gender roles, division of labour, and power

13

anthropological schools of thought: postmodernism

- we don't have true knowledge of the world and societies help us understand more
- argues anthropologists should study reflexively

14

Anthropology onion/building blocks

- cultural values: understanding behaviours and artifacts (education)
- behaviours: causes artifacts (studying)
- artifacts: tells us the cultures values (test)

15

family tree

culture, pattern, complex, material trait (guitar, drums, etc) non-material trait (singing, dancing, etc)

16

gender and culture

- distinction btwn sex and gender
- sex is biological and gender is defined by culture

17

rites of passage stages

- segregation: separated from society and original status
- transition: (liminal) state of transition btwn old and new
- reintegration: individual is reintegrated w/ new role

18

kinship systems

- matrilineal: ancestry through the mother
- patrilineal: ancestry through the father
- bilinear: ancestry through both parents

19

types of marriage

- monogamy: btwn 2 people
- polygamy: more than 2 people
- polygyny: more than 1 wife
- polygamy: more than one husband
- bride wealth: paying a fine for marriage