Crime and Punishment 6b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Crime and Punishment 6b Deck (23)
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What are the different subheadings for each paragraph?

Types of Policing (ToP), The White Chapel Murders (JtR), Popular Press (PP), Reformers (R). Then a conclusion


What contextual factors are there for the East End of London?

The River Thames, Whitechapel, Bethnal Green, Peabody Trust, Toynbee Hall, Docklands


Name some reformers and the main thing that they did (R)

Henry Mahew - researched the situation
Dr Barnardo - provided homes for poor orphans
Samuel Barnett - Opened Toynbee Hall with lectures about social conditions
Charles Booth - collected masses of info abut the poor, and more believed him as he was a successful businessman
George Peabody - created the Peabody Trust to house the poor in cheap, good apartments


When did George Peabody move to London? (R)

The American merchant moved in 1837


When did Dr Barnardo open his first hostel, then his first home for orphans? (R)

1867 - first hstel
1870 - first home for orphans


Why did Charles Booth start acting to help the poor? (R)

He went to Toynbee Hall lectures, and wanted to see how accurate the statistics actually were


According to Charles Booth, how many people were below the poverty line? (R)
a) 10%
b) 30%
c) 45%
d) 50%

b) 30%


Why is the Toynbee Hall called that? (R)

Samuel Bernett was a good friend of Toynbee. When he died in 1883, the building was opened in his honour


When was Henry Mayhew's work put into which newspaper? (R)

1849 - 1851 his work was in the Morning Chronicle


Name some ways Oliver Twist depicted crime in the East End of London (PP)

The police were the last to arrive at the scene of a crime
Often hurt the suspects, even children


What was Dickens' intentions of Oliver Twist? (PP)

To make people feel sorry for the impossible situation the poor were in so that they would help them


Why did Dickens write the lower classes as criminals? (PP)

They couldn't survive any other way due to the society that the upper classes left with them


How did the Punch magazine portray the poor in their comics? (PP)

Had to turn to criminality to be happy - still weren't happy
Large poor families were unable to pay rich landlords
Seen as things/ items - observe not help
Strikes were fine for rich capitalists, bad for the working man
Britain care more for other countries in the commonwealth more than their own people


Why was crime easy to get away with without being caught? (JtR)

Foggy streets from nearby Thames/ docks
Poor lighting - dark
Deserted streets (no witnesses)
Alleys were common


How were the police operating beforehand? (JtR) Why was this easy to commit crimes?

They worked on the beat (patrolled). Criminals could just wait for them to pass then commit a crime


Fill the blanks (JtR):
The ____________ of London figured that _________ police weren't a good enough _________, and non-_________ police were able to arrest people ______ as they saw the ________.



In the late 19th century, what did the police change to and why? (JtR)

The beat policing became more investigative policing, because it was more of a deterrent that criminals knew that they were able to be caught


List some problems with beat policing (ToP)

Too few men for an ever-increasing population
Beats of 7 and a half miles in the city at day, 2 miles at night
Criminals who didn't commit crimes when being watched


What other environmental factors made beat policing ineffective? (ToP)

Cramped, poor housing
Poor lighting
Thick fog


What does pragmatic mean? (ToP)

Allowing the crime to happen because you couldn't actually prevent it


Detective police wore uniforms. True or false? (ToP)

False - they wore plain clothes to blend in with the surroundings. Then the criminals wouldn't feel deterred to stop the crime, but there were police witnesses


What did the police develop to improve their police force? (ToP)

Fingerprint and photograph detection
Effective communication


Fill the blanks for the concluding paragraph (ToP):
The nature of the East End made these changes _________ and probably inevitable. criminals needed to know that they would be ___________ eventually if the police were to be a _________. The _____________ of poor people in the East End made crime an everyday _______ for many people. The anonymous _____ clothed __________ could action evidence to put criminals ______ ____.

Apprehended (Arrested)
Concentration (population)
Behind bars