Crime and Punishment Flashcards Preview

History > Crime and Punishment > Flashcards

Flashcards in Crime and Punishment Deck (62)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the reasons for crime?

Need
Gain
Influence
Impulse
Belief

2

What are the theories of punishment?

Removal
Deterrence
Rehabilitation
Restitution
Retribution

3

What types of crime are there? (against...)

Against people
Against property
Against authority

4

What was the main reason for crime? (M)

Need - the feudal system left villeins as the poorest. The stole money and food to live

5

Nearly three quarters of crime was theft. True or false? (M)

True. The next most common was murder with almost a fifth

6

Insanity was the most common reason for murder. True or false? (M)

False. Because of an argument was the most common reason. Insanity was never really common because they locked up people who were insane, so they couldn't murder

7

Fill the blanks:
Anglo Saxon law was based on the idea of _______ (blood _____). Simply, the more ______ you did, the more you had to ___. For example, if an ear is injured, 3 _________ must be ____. (M)

Wergild
Money
Damage
Pay
Shillings
Paid

8

Which 4 of these Saxon courts were used in medieval England?
a) Shire courts b) Hamlet courts
c) Royal courts d) Hundred courts
e) Public courts f) The King's court
g) County courts h) Private courts

a) Shire courts - for serious crimes with nobles and judges that met twice a year
c) Royal courts - Also for serious crimes, but involving lords. f) The King's court is an example of a Royal court
d) Hundred courts - weren't as serious + tithings
h) Private courts - owned by the landowner with local laws, and the landowner is the judge.

9

Define tithings (M)

Self help. A group of 10 men over 12 would go to court and if one was proved responsible, then they all would face the punishment.

10

Were you guilty if you were accused and didn't turn up to court? (M)

Yes

11

An oath helpless was when... (M)

Someone swore that they were guilty/ innocent

12

Give some methods of ordeal. (M)

Trial by hot iron
Trial by cold water
Trial by combat
God would support and help the innocent

13

Fill the blanks:
In 12__, the Pope decided that _______ in England must not use trial by ______. As a result, they were replaced with ______. (M)

1215
Priests
Ordeal
Juries

14

Explain the stages of the hue and cry. (M)

When someone witnessed a crime, they would call out for help. The whole village then searched for the criminal whatever/ whenever the cry started. This was led by the CONSTABLES, who were local, untrained volunteers that led the Watch at day. The CORONERS of the county would swear the victim and the suspects. They then got the SHERIFF, who tracked the criminal. They got help from the POSSE who anyone over 15 chosen to help. Meanwhile, the criminal could get SANCTUARY in a church, where they could stay for 40 days without being taken out before deciding between exhile or trial

15

Attitudes to crime (M)

God and the saints controlled their lives, so they wanted to go to heaven (deterred from crime because of hell) to please God.

16

What was the main cause of crime? (T)

Belief because of the monarchs religion, often those with the opposite belief were then criminals. Poverty was still big so need as well

17

Mary 1 was a protestant. True or false? (T)

False, she was a strong catholic and despised protestants

18

Which monarchs were catholic? (T)

Henry VII
Henry VIII (then reformed)
Mary I
Charles II (secretly)
James II
William III (forced)

19

When was the interregnum? (T)

1649 - 1660. After Charles I beheaded and before Charles |I made king by parliament in 1660

20

The gunpowder plot was in 1605, against Charles I. True or false? (T)

False. It was in 1605 against James II

21

Which monarchs faced inflation? (T)

Edward VI, Elizabeth I and Mary I. Because the coins were cheaper to make, prices went up

22

When were the Pilgrim fathers? (T)

1620

23

Why did Parliament refuse Charles I? (T)

He got money illegally. Charles also tried to arrest 5 MP's, and disliked parliament a lot

24

Which monarchs were protestant? (T)

Henry VIII (reformed to be a protestant)
Edward VI
Elizabeth I
James I
Charles I (puritan)
Oliver Cromwell

25

What is it called when a crime is against: (T)
a) God
b) The monarch

a) Heresy
b) Treason

26

Who was Matthew Hopkins? (T)

Witch hunter during Civil Wars. Died 1647. Caught around 230 witches. Despite belief he was accused a witch and killed, he died from an illness

27

Religion mattered less in the 1600's. True or false? (T)

False. It mattered less in the 1700's.

28

When was The Enlightenment (roughly)? (T)

1700's. People became more tolerant (mainly of religion)

29

Who were the JP's? (T)

Justice of the Peace. Trained people with handbooks (so they used the law and not their judgement).

30

Bridgewell hospital was made to help who? (T)

Vagrants. Established in 1553