What was the accepted belief about the earth in the middle ages?
That God had created the earth at the centre of the universe
God controlled everything in the world and it was motionless (everything else moved around it)
God controlled the universe through His representative on earth – the pope
Who first coined the phrase ‘Big Bang’
British astrophysicist Sir Fred Hoyle – he was trying to make the theory look foolish but the name stuck
What did the work of mathematicians and scientists Nicolas Copernicus and Tycho Brahe suggest?
That the universe was heliocentric.
That only the moon revolved around the earth
How did Darwin’s book ‘The Decent of Man’ attack Christian belief?
He claimed that human beings had descended from apes and were not a unique creation in God’s image.
He implied that because we had descended from apes we could not have been given a soul by God – humans are soulless beings just like animals.
Modern scientific thought is based on what?
Observation and experiment to test out theories and to reach a conclusion as to what is the literal truth.
What is George Gamow famous for?
He was the first to suggest the Theory of the Big Bang (although he did not call it that)
What is a geocentric universe?
A universe where the earth is at the centre and everything (all the other planets, the sun and stars) travel around it.
Who said the earth was created by God but was corruptible and changing as a result of man’s sin?
Some scientist belief that the ‘residue’ from the Big Bang can still be seem where?
In the static on blank TV screens
Who claimed that above the earth was the incorruptible heavenly realm of God in which everything moved in perfect circles?
Who first discovered in 1929 that galaxies are continually moving apart very fast?
Give two reasons why science and religion agreed with each other up until the 16th century?
The scientific and religious 'world view' agreed because a scientific explanation always included reference to God.
The scientific and religious 'world view' agreed because the philosophers and theologians were the only scientists.
What impact did science have when it proved many aspects of the Christian medieval worldview to be untrue?
People took a far more sceptical view of scripture and the Christian church became fallible – many scientists dismissed religion altogether.
What is a heliocentric universe?
A model of the universe where the sun is at the centre and all the planets travel around it.
What are the five main features of evolution?
1. Life has evolved by natural processes
2. The first life form arose from inanimate matter
3. All life forms originated from the first simple organism
4. There was a gradual development of more complex life forms
5. Evolution is continuing and there are unlimited variations in nature
Judaism and Christianity accept that God is the creator of everything. What do they base this on?
Genesis Chapters 1 to 3
In Genesis, the writer (Moses) does not seem to want to prove that God exists. Rather he does what?
He seems to assume that God has always been – even before creation.
Some Jews and Christians use the term 'creatio ex nihilo’ . What does the term 'creatio ex nihilo’ mean?
God created the heavens and the earth out of nothing
Some religious believers prefer not to use the term 'creatio ex nihilo’ but prefer to believe what?
God created ‘the heavens and the earth’ out of pre-creation chaos - they beleive there was a gap in time between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2
At the end of the creation story God saw what he had made and it was 'good’ and then He rested. what does this imply?
The creation process is somehow complete or finished.
The fact that the universe exists and that there is evidence of design in our world is regarded by theists as proof of what?
The existence of God
Jews and Christians point to various texts and passages in scripture that highlight God as creator. What passage in Job is often refered to?
Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth?
Tell me, if you have understanding.
Who determined its measurements – surely you know!
Or who stretched the line upon it?
On what were its bases sunk?
Or who laid its cornerstone?
Book of Job 38:4-6
What is a Fundamentalist Christian?
Such Christians would believe that the Bible is true and is the word of God and would take the view that the Bible is literal truth. Therefore, any scientific theory or idea that conflicts with the Biblical account must be wrong!
Fundamentalists would disagree strongly with evolution.
Why is it dangerous to hold Fundamentalist Christian views?
If nay part of the Bible is ever proved wrong than the whole of their faith may fail.
What is scientific creationism?
Creationism is opposed not only to evolution, but also to modern scientific explanations for the origins of the universe - they are opposed to the Big Bang theory as well as the theory of evolution.
They seek to find scientific evidence to back up the Biblical account of creation.
What is Young Earth Creationism?
The belief that the world was created by God about 6-10 thousand years ago - it only appears to be older.
What is Old Earth Creationism?
Old Earth creationism is typically more compatible with mainstream scientific thought on the issues of physics, chemistry, geology and the age of the Earth - but believes that God directed the processes that brought about the initial creation and the evolutionary changes that have taken place.
What is Gap Creationism?
Thay say that the six-day creation, as described in the Book of Genesis, involved literal 24-hour days, but that there was a gap of time between two distinct creations in the first and the second verses of Genesis, explaining many scientific observations, including the age of the Earth.
What is Progressive Creationism?
This is the belief that God created new forms of life gradually over a period of hundreds of millions of years
What is Evolutionary Creationism?
A belief that God directed the evolutionary process and there is no real conflict with science.