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ECOS 2 Post-Midterm > CPR Imaging > Flashcards

Flashcards in CPR Imaging Deck (48)
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1

All patients with renal failure of unknown cause should get an?

Ultrasound

2

What is the imaging choice for a urinary tract obstruction?

Ultrasound

3

What are the pros of ultrasound?

NO radiation
Easy to use and available

4

What are the cons of ultrasound?

Less sensitive and cannot exclude small stones

5

Renal vascular flow can be seen using?

Doppler ultrasound

6

What should be ordered for a patient with acute urinary retention?

Bladder ultrasound

7

What are the symptoms with acute urinary retention?

Can't pee, pain and change of mental status

8

A bladder ultrasound can diagnose?

Acute urinary retention

9

If a patient is suspected to have horseshoe kidney or hydronephrosis, what test should be ordered?

Ultrasound

10

What is the gold standard imaging choice for kidney stones?

NO contrast, LOW radiation CT scan

11

NO contrast, LOW radiation CT scan is the imaging choice for?

Kidney stones

12

Renal tumor imaging choice?

NO contrast LOW radiation CT scan

13

Nephrolithiasis imaging choice?

NO contrast LOW radiation CT scan

14

Symptoms of Renal tumor?

Weight loss, hematuria, flank pain

15

Symptoms of Nephrolithiasis?

Hematuria and flank pain

16

Pros of Renal CT?

More sensitive at detecting renal masses and things not seen on an ultrasound

17

Cons of Renal CT?

Radiation exposure and contrast can be nephrotoxic

18

What is the initial imaging choice to assess for dyspnea, cough or chest pain?

Chest X-ray

19

Who should NOT get a chest X-ray?

Pregnant women due to radiation

20

Patients with COPD or Emphysema, what can be seen on Chest X-ray?

FLATTENED diaphragm due to over-inflated lungs!

21

Besides a flattened diaphragm, what else can a chest X-ray spot?

Air-fluid level if fluid is present in the lung spaces

22

A lung abscess may have what on a chest x-ray?

Air - fluid level

23

What are the symptoms and imaging choice for a lung abscess?

Bad breath, cough, chest pain, night sweats, alcoholism
- Chest X-ray

24

What are the symptoms and imaging choice for pleural effusion?

Shortness of breath and dullness to percussion
- Chest X-ray

25

How does a VQ scan work?

Patient inhales radioactive material to evaluate airflow and bloodflow

26

When should you get a VQ scan?

Pulmonary embolism is suspected!

27

A pulmonary embolism should get what imaging, if its available?

VQ scan

28

Lung cancer screenings should get what imaging?

Low radiation CT

29

Gold standard test for a pulmonary embolism?

Pulmonary angiography

30

If a pulmonary embolism patient is stable, what should you get?

Chest CT with contrast