CPR/ECG Flashcards Preview

Vet Nursing > CPR/ECG > Flashcards

Flashcards in CPR/ECG Deck (42)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is cardiogenic shock?

Failure to pump - heart failure

2

What is distributive shock?

Flow maldistribution

3

What causes distributive shock?

Trauma, anaphylaxis, heat stroke, sepsis

4

What medical conditions are associated with obstructive shock?

Heartworm Disease, GDV

5

What is the most commonly seen shock?

Hypovolemic shock

6

What causes hypovolemic shock?

Blood/Fluid loss

7

What are the elements of the history gathered in cases of shock?

A-Allergies

M- Medications

P - Past medical histroy

E- Events

L- Lasts (last meal, last BM, last urination)

8

What are the components of an initial assesment in cases of shock?

Vitals

Level of conciousness

9

What is the first phase of shock?

Hyperdynamic

10

What is the second phase of shock?

Hypodynamic

11

What symptoms are associated with hyperdynamic shock?

Tachycardia, tachypnea, brick red m.m., rapid CRT, bounding pulse

12

What symptoms are associated with hypodynamic shock?

Weak abnormal pulses, pale and prolonged mm, hypothermia, weakness, depression, loss of conciousness

13

Cats in septic shock present with what?

Bradyardia

14

What are the components of shock treatment?

Oxygen therapy

Venous access

Fluid resuscitation

Drugs

15

What are some signs of impending collapse?

Cyanosis

Poor perfusion (prolonged CRT)

Irregular/absent heart sounds

Abnormal breathing patterns / Apnea

Fixed and dilated pupils

 

16

What two organs are we most concerned with in Basic Life Support situations?

Heart and Brain

17

What is the "CAB" of resuscitation?

Circulation

Airway

Breathing

18

How do you perform CPR on small dogs/cats?

1. Use direct compression

2. Right lateral recumbency, squeeze thorax and compress chest wall 1/2 - 1/3 inch with a rate of 100 per minute

3. Artificial ventilations should be given at a rate of 10 breaths per minute (1 breath per 6 compressions)

19

If administering CRP alone what is the process?

Do 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths, mouth to snout.

20

What breed of dogs must be in dorsal recumbency for CPR?

Bulldogs

21

What is the depth of compression to be used for average size dogs?

2-3 inches

22

What is the compression to breath ratio for large breed dogs?

15:1

23

What are interposed abdominal compressions?

When the abdomen is compressed during the recoil phase of chest compressions

Enhances venous return to the heart

24

What complications are associated with interposed abdominal compressions?

Organ contusions (liver)

Hemoabdomen

25

What are the signs of partial obstruction?

Difficulty breathing on inspiration

Cyanosis

26

What are the signs of total airway obstruction?

No airway sounds

Chest does not move or expand

27

If no spontaneous respirations are occurring what should be done?

Administer 100% oxygen to patient

28

What 3 conditions require immediate attention?

Respiratory arrest

Circulatory failure

Severe bleeding - catastrophic hemorrhaging

29

Failure to achieve effective ventilation may lead to acidosis and hypoxemia which may then lead to:

Cardiovascular dysfunction

Hypotension

Circulatory collapse

30

Under hypoxemia and acidosis which muscles function poorly?

Cardiac and vascular smooth muscles