Counseling - group, multicultural, and career Flashcards Preview

Masters Comprehensive Exam > Counseling - group, multicultural, and career > Flashcards

Flashcards in Counseling - group, multicultural, and career Deck (72)
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1

installation of hope

positive expectation for change through group therapy
- believe change will happen

2

universality

dispelling myth of uniqueness (only one with such problems)
- powerful source of relief and healing

3

imparting information

didactic instruction about psychic functioning, meaning of symptoms, mental illness, etc.
- knowledge is healing

4

altruism

receive through giving (support, reassurance, suggestion, insight, sharing similar stories)
- counteracts negative effects of self-absorption

5

corrective recapitulation of primary family group

group resembles families, group members tend to assume roles previously taken in family
- opportunity to be different than in ones family, growth, explore prior roles

6

development of socialization techniques

gain feedback about interpersonal characteristics (nonverbal, social habits, social attitudes)
- development of basic social skills

7

imitative behavior

clients can learn from behaviors modeled by their counselor and group members
- vicarious learning

8

interpersonal learning

group is a social microcosm
- countering interpersonal distortion from previous interpersonal experiences

9

group cohesiveness

trust, warmth, empathetic, understanding, acceptance
- necessary for other group factors to operate

10

catharsis

emotional involvement
- gaining relief through access to emotional dimensions of problem focus

11

existential factors

awareness fo death, freedom, isolations, life purpose
- gain awareness that ultimate responsibility for conduct is theirs alone,, coming to grips with death helps individuals shed trouble of every day life

12

public esteem

groups evaluation of the individual

13

contributors to public esteem

self-esteem > public esteem
- misperceive, distort deny
- devalue group
- change self to align with group
self-esteem < public esteem
- disclose inadequacies
- use humility
- alter beliefs about self
high public esteem -> better outcomes

14

factors to screen for in group therapy

- needs and goals compatible
- will not impede
- well-being not jeopardized
- diversity
- motivational level, hopeful, committed
- will benefit

15

key questions to screen for group

at this time?
with this leader?
benefit?
motivated?
group hetero/homogeneity?
problems/behaviors not appropriate?

16

problematic behaviors in group

- poor attendance
- subgrouping (low cohesion)
- hostility/conflict (social deviants)
- types
- lack of motivation
- non here and now processing

17

types in groups

- resisters
- monopolizers
- silent
- advice giving
- focus on others
- storytellers

18

steps to start a group

- prepare members
- logistics
- build group culture
- attract members
- decide length
- screen and select

19

steps to prepare members

- values
- orientation objectives
- clarify leaders and member expectations
- establish goals
- confidentiality

20

logistics of starting a group

- open or closed?
- frequency and duration
- site

21

building a group culture

- unwritten code/norms
- opening rituals

22

attracting members

- publicize, recruit
- make personal contact

23

screening and selecting

- prevent potential har
- identify who will benefit

24

steps to end a group

- deal with feelings of sadness, unfinished business, acknowledge loss
- compare early to later perceptions, recognize progress
- review group experience (meaningful, changes?)
- carrying learning further
- give and receive feedback

25

how to carry learning further

- generalizing
- how can you continue to change?
- contract and homework
- dealing with setbacks

26

oppression

prolonged power inequality

27

discrimination

unjust or prejudicial treatment of individuals or groups on the basis of things like race, sex, age, sexual orientation, religion, etc.

28

racism

power to enforce ones prejudice; prejudice + power

29

privilege

special right, benefit or advantage given to a person not from work or merit, but by reason of belonging to the majority/dominant race, social position, religion, gender, or sexual orientation

30

ethnocentric monoculturalism

individual, institutional, societal expression of the superiority of one groups cultural heritage over another