Counseling - assessment and ethics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Counseling - assessment and ethics Deck (84)
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1

psychological testing (def)

use of a sample to test a psychological construct

2

psychological testing (purpose)

Test psychological construct (results rarely used on their on)

3

psychological testing (complexity)

less complex (only part of process, also need interview, demographics, etc.)

4

psychological testing (formality)

formal (objective and standardized)

5

psychological testing (types)

Assess variety of mental ability and attributes - achievement - ability- personality - neurological functioning

6

psychological testing (criticisms/limitations)

- only one element- should not be used alone - cultural/language differences might impact

7

psychological assessment (def)

comprehensive series of tests/other measures to make decisions and diagnose

8

psychological assessment (purpose)

make decisions, diagnose

9

psychological assessment (complexity)

more complex

10

psychological assessment (formality)

can be formal or informal

11

psychological assessment (types)

- diagnostic (intake)- therapeutic (mental status exam)- suicide (verbal)- mental health (BDI, state-trait) - personality (structured, projective)- intelligence (Wechsler, wisc)- achievement (woodcock johnson)

12

psychological assessment (criticisms/limitations)

- cultural limitations- complex scoring system - questionable norms- subjectivity of scoring- poor predictive quality- inadequate validity

13

reliability (def)

- consistency between two sets of scores

14

reliability (example)

a scale consistently weighs someone at 125 lbs

15

reliability (types)

- correlation coefficient - test-retest- alternate/parallel forms- split-half- ruder-richardson - coefficient alpha

16

validity (def)

how well the instrument measures something (reliability needed first)

17

validity (example)

a scale accurately weighs someone at their correct weight of 130 lbs

18

validity (types)

- content-related - criterion related- construct- face

19

norm referenced test (def)

individuals score is compared to performance of others who have taken the same instrument

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norm referenced test (examples)

personality assessment strong interest inventory

21

criterion referenced test (def)

individuals performance compared to specific criterion or standard

22

criterion referenced test (examples)

third grade spelling testmasters comps

23

correlation coefficient (def)

numerical indicator of the relationship between two sets of data (reliability)

24

correlation coefficient (types)

spearman and pearson

25

correlation coefficient (example)

.83

26

test restest (def)

correlating performance on 1st administration with 2nd administration (reliability)

27

test restest (pros/cons)

pro - same test con - interfering variate between two time, practice effects

28

test retest (example)

take test then 2 weeks later take the test again

29

alternate/parallel forms (def)

two forms of instrument, administered to same individuals (reliability)

30

alternate/parallel forms (pros/cons)

pro - eliminates remembering responsescon - difficult to create 2 tests may be affected by first one, practice effects