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Flashcards in Cosmological Argument Deck (13)
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1

St Thomas aquinas 5 ways

God is not self evident, ways 1,2&3 are cosmological
Way 4 is moral and 5 is teleological

2

The first way- motion/change

Potential to actual = change
Unchanged changer= God (PM)
Can't be an infinite regress, must be god

'Can't step in same river twice'

3

The 2nd way - causation

Everything has a cause
Can't have infinite number of causes
Must be an uncaused causer= God
1st efficient cause -- intermediate cause -- ultimate cause

4

3rd way - being/existence

Contingent existence, maybe could've not happened
Necessary existence, has to exist
Everything is contingent and has cause
Must be necessary cause

Aquinas believed there needed to be proofs of god

5

Leibniz

Discovered calculus
Has 2 principles

6

Leibniz principle 1
Best of all possible worlds

Optimism
God created the world, it is the best of all possibilities

7

Leibniz principle 2
Principle of sufficient reason

Suggested in his monadology
Everything has to have a sufficient reason, if it doesn't it doesn't exist
OR
Big Bang

8

Russel vs copleston

Russel asks why god has to be the sufficient reason
Copleston, an adequate explanation must ultimately be a total explanation to which nothing further can be added
Russel thinks we will never know, no point

9

Principle of sufficient reason

Everything must have a reason cause or ground

10

Copleston

Priest
Professor
Supported aquinas views of cosmological argument

11

Russel

British philosopher
Found no conviction in cosmological argument as proof for existence of God

12

Criticism of aquinas argument

Rest on assumption that are no longer widely held
Can't be endless series of causes-everything leads to one cause could be flawed

13

Hume challenge against criticism of cosmo argument

Knowledge doesn't go beyond experience
No logical connection between cause and effect, not on established truth
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Induction
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Attempting to explain the universe with causation is pointless as it is not an absolute truth