Consequences Of Overstocking The Cattle Industry On The Open Range Flashcards Preview

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1

Overstocked Ranches

Too many cattle were grazing on the same amount of grass.
This led to the grass eroding.

2

Overgrazing

Grass did not have time to re-grow once eaten. Animals did not have enough to eat and the land had dried up.

3

Poor condition

With less grass, the cattle became weaker. This produced poorer quality meat to sell.

4

Less profit

By 1882 profits were going down. Ranchers kept the cattle just in case the prices increased again. Hence even more cattle.

5

A fall in demand.

With so much beef available for cities in the east, prices reduced.
Cattle ranchers received less money.

6

Extreme weather

When drought hit in 1883, the grass dried even more. Prairie fires from storms also reduced the grass further.

7

The great winter die up 1886/7

The winter of 1886/7 was very harsh.

The winter temperatures fell to -55 degrees.

Cattle were already weaker due to overstocking but now they struggled to got to the grass through the snow and ice.

At least 15% of the open range cattle died.

This resulted with many cattlemen becoming bankrupt.