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Flashcards in Comparison of the approaches Deck (6)
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1

Rank the approaches from 1 to 6, one being most deterministic six being least deterministic.

1. Behaviourist
2. Biological
3. Psychodynamic
4. Cognitive
5. Social learning theory
6. Humanistic

2

Rank the approaches from 1 to 6, one being most ideographic six being most nomothetic.

1. Biological
2. Cognitive
3. Behaviourist
4. Social learning theory
5. Psychodynamic
6. Humanistic

3

Rank the approaches from 1 to 6, one being most reductionist six being most holistic.

1. Behaviourist
2. Biological
3. Cognitive
4. Psychodynamic
5. Social learning theory
6. Humanistic

4

Rank the approaches from 1 to 6, one being most nature related six being most nurture related.

1. Biological
2. Cognitive
3. Psychodynamic
4. Humanistic
5. Social learning theory
6. Behaviorist

5

Rank the approaches from 1 to 6, one being the most coherent explanation of development 6 being the least.

1. Psychodynamic - specific psychosexual stages
2. Cognitive - development of more complex schema
3. Biological - changes to physiological status
4. Humanistic - development of self ongoing through life
5. Behaviourist - n/a
6. Social Learning Theory - n/a

6

How do the different approaches view the explanation and treatment of abnormal behaviours?

Behaviourist - consequence of maladaptive learning - destructive behaviour has been reinforced - systematic desensitisation used to treat symptoms of phobias
SLT - influence of dysfunctional role models creates negative abnormal behaviour - no real treatments given
Psychodynamic - anxiety disorders come from traumatic childhoods and overuse of defence mechanisms - psychoanalysis has had mixed results in treatment - CNT is much more affective
Humanistic - stems from gap between self and ideal self - Roger's counselling helps stimulate personal growth
Biological - chemical imbalances, such as serotonin - drug therapy has revolutionised the treatment of mental health issues