Flashcards in COMMUNITY---Week # 1 Deck (85)
Describe "WINDSHIELD SURVEY"
DESCRIPTIVE APPROACH THAT ASSESSES SEVERALCOMMUNITY COMPONENTS BY DRIVING THROUGH A COMMUNITY.
STRENGTHS---provides descriptive overview of the community
LIMITATIONS---Need a driver---time consuming---results based only on visualization-no input from community members
Medicaid provides coverage for _________________
for individuals of low socioeconomic status and children.
*funded by federal and State governments
Examples of TERTIARY PREVENTION interventions (2)
1) DISABILITY LIMITATIONS
3) SUPPORT GROUPS
How do community nurses keep the populations "safe" (11)
1) Prevent Epidemics
2) Protect environment, workplace, food, water
3)Promote Healthy behavior
4) Monitor health status
5) mobilize community resources
6) Health promotion, disease prevention, risk reduction
7) Respond to disasters
8) Assure public of trained personnel
9) Reaching out to those at high risk
10) injury prevention through interventions
11) Influence policies that effect change
What is distributive Justice
Distribution of the benefits / burden in society.
*Everyone gets their fair share
When collecting data for the community assessment, it is essential to combine several methods of data collection. Relying only on one or two key pieces can result in an incomplete assessment (TRUE) OR (FALSE)
What are the PUBLIC HEALTH "Benefits" from the increased use of Technology? (5)
1) Increased prevention
2) Earlier detection of infectious disease
3) Better tracking of chronic disease
4) Better health evaluation measures
5) Accurate assessments of disease and disability burden in the community
Define "Health Promotion
action or effort that supports the well being of the individual, groups and communities by decreasing risk of illness and injury
TERTIARY PREVENTION deals with the _________
People that already have the illness
Examples of SECONDARY PREVENTION interventions (2)
1) EARLY DIAGNOSIS---screening tests (ie, breast exam, pap smear, case findings)
2) ADEQUATE TREATMENT
Describe "OBSERVATIONS" (community assessment)
OBSERVATION OF FORMAL OR INFORMAL COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES
STRENGTHS---indication of community priorities---environmental profile---ID of power structures
Healthy People is Coordinated by _______________
US Department of Health and Human Services
Equation for CRUDE MORTALITY RATE
Number of deaths divided by population total x 1,000 =_______________ per 1,000
What are the roles of the Community Health nurse?
1) Interact with and establish community partners serving the community at large
2) Witness the interaction between the community program and the response of the client to the services.
3) identify future services
4) Coordination, continuity of care, evaluating outcomes
Action taken prior to the onset of disease which removes the possibility that disease will ever occur
Public Health Achievements (1900-1999)
Vacc. Vehemently Work IN Cardiac Stroke
Food Fluoride To Mothers Family
*Decreased infectious diseases
*Decreased Cardiac Disease
*Decrease Stroke Death
*Fluoridation in water
*Tobacco = HAZARD
*Mother / Baby (healthier)
What are the "4" parts of Medicare??
PART A--- hospital, home, hospice care and limited skilled nursing care
PART B-- medical/diagnostic services, mh services, preventative care
PART C-- a combination of Part A & Part B--typically provided through a private insurance
PART D -- RX med coverage
__________ and ____________ rates are used to measure the existence of a particular disease, and allows the nurse to compare the rate of disease from one population to another
INCIDENCE AND PREVELANCE
"2" main components of a community assessment?
When an EPIDEMIC occurs in multiple countries or continents
overall death rate is known as __________
CRUDE MORTALITY RATE
An action which halts the progress of a disease at its incipient stage and prevents complications
What is Autonomy?
* Individuals right to make his or her own decision-actions which fulfill their goals
use to focus on interventions that promote health or prevent illness, as opposed to medical treatment models that focus on care after they are ill.
GOALS (6) of the PPACA
"Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act"
Affordable insurance coverage
Access to primary care
Coverage up to 26 years of age
Ban lifetime limits
Cover preventive care
Report notifiable communicable diseases to_____________________
State Depart of Health
Healthy People started in __________ and is completed every _____________
Define "Community Health Nursing"
A systematic process of delivering care to improve the health of the entire community
What is accountability?
accepting responsibility for ones own actions