Flashcards in community based Deck (28)
a life-threatening condition that occurs when arterial blood flow and oxygen delivery to tissues and cells are inadequate
what are the four main categories of shock?
what are the subcategories of distributive shock
the most common type of shock; condition that occurs when the volume of extracellular fluid is significantly diminished, primarily because of a loss or reduction in blood or plasma
shock that occurs when fluid in the circulatory system does not facilitate effective perfusion of the tissue
shock that results from an insult to the vasomotor center in the medulla of the brain or to the peripheral nerves that extend from the spinal cord to the blood vessels
shock associated with overwhelming bacterial infections
severe allergic reaction that occurs after exposure to a substance to which a person is extremely sensitive
shock that occurs when the heart or great vessels are compressed
shock that occurs when contraction of the heart is ineffective and cardiac output is reduced
first stage of shock, during which several physiologic mechanisms attempt to stabilize the spiraling consequences of shock
stage in shock that occurs as compensatory mechanisms fail and the client's condition spirals downward into cellular hypoxia, coagulation defects, and cardiovascular changes
stage in shock that occurs when significant numbers of cells and organ systems become damaged and the client to longer responds to medical interventions
What are the three diagnostic measurements used when monitoring clients in shock?
*arterial blood gas
*central venous pressure
*pulmonary artery pressure
What are the three medical approaches for treating shock?
*IV fluid therapy
*vasopressor drug therapy
*mechanical devices that restore blood circulation to cells
What are the two types of disasters?
What are the four types of natural disasters?
what are the three categories of intentional human disasters?
What are three high-priority biologic agents used in bioterrorism warfare?
what is the preferred antibiotic to treat anthrax?
what is the treatment for botulism ?
examples of extremely toxic chemicals?
Organophosphate compounds that cause fatal consequences by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase
what are the triage categories?
life threatening but survivable if rapid medical attention is provided; color tag is red
serious but stable enough to survive if treatment is delayed 6-8 hours; color tag is yellow
minor injuries that can wait longer for treatment; green tag color