Common bacterial infections and treatments Flashcards Preview

AMK > Common bacterial infections and treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Common bacterial infections and treatments Deck (30)
Loading flashcards...
1

Upper respiratory tract infections

1). Phenoxymethylpenicillin
-1). Clarithromycin (if penicillin allergy)
-1). Erythromycin (if allergic and pregnant)

2

Scarlet fever

1). Phenoxymethylpenicillin
-1). Clarithromycin (if penicillin allergy)

3

Acute otitis media - if cellulitis

1). Flucloxacillin
2). Co-amoxiclav

4

Sinusitis

1). Phenoxymethylpenicillin
-1). Doxycyclin (not under 12s)
-1). Clarithromycin (if penicillin allergy)
-1). Erythromycin (if allergic and pregnant)

5

Acute exacerbation of COPD

1). Amoxicillin
-1). doxycycline
-1). clarithromycin
2). Co-amoxiclav
-2). levofloxacin
-2). co-trimoxazole

6

Acute Cough

1). doxycycline
-1). amoxicillin
-1). clarithromycin (erythromycin if pregnant)

NEVER USE doxycycline in children under 12

7

Community-acquired pneumonia CRB65 = 0

1). amoxicillin
-1). clarithromycin
-1). doxycycline

8

Community-acquired pneumonia CRB65 = 1-2

1). amoxicillin + clarithromycin
-1). Doxycycline

9

Lower urinary tract infection (non-pregant) or men

1). Nitrofurantoin (GFR >45)
-1). Trimethoprim
2). pivamecillinam (a penicillin)
-2). fosfomycin

10

Lower urinary tract infection (pregnant)

1). Nitrofurantoin (not at term)
2). amoxicillin
2). cefalexin

11

Acute pyelonephritis (upper urinary tract)

1). cefalexin
-1). co-amoxiclav
-1). trimethoprim
-1). ciprofloxacon

12

Acute prostatitis

1). ciprofloxacin
-1). ofloxacin
-1). trimethoprim
2). levofloxacin
-2). cotrimoxazole

13

Suspected Meningococcal disease

IV or IM benzylpenicillin

14

Helicobacter pylori

1). PPI + amoxicillin + Clarithromycin or metronidazole
2). Penicillin allergy: bismuth subsalicylate + tetracycline

15

Clostridium difficile

1). metronidazole (first episode)
2). oral vancomycon (sever or recurrent)
3). fidaxomicin

16

Travellers diarrhoea

1). azithromycin
2). bismuth subsalicylate (if severe)

17

Chlamydia trachomatis/urethritis

1). doxycycline
2). azithromycin (if breast feeding, pregnant)

18

Epididymitis

1). doxycycline
-1). ofloxacin
-1). ciprofloxacin

19

Vaginal candidiasis

1). clotrimazole
-1). fenticonazole
-1). oral fluconazole

20

bacterial vaginosis

1). oral or gel metronidazole
2). clindamycin

21

Gonorrhoea

1). Ceftriaxone
-1). ciprofloaxcin

22

Trichomoniasis

1). metronidazole

23

Pelvic inflammatory disease

1) Ceftriaxone + metronidazole + doxycycline
2). metrondazole + ofloxacin
-2). moxifloxacin

24

Impetigo

1). topical fusidic acid
2). oral flucloxacillin
-2). clarithromycin

25

Leg ulcer

1). flucloxacillin
-1). clarithromycin

26

Acne

1). topical retinoid
2). benzoyl peroxide
3). topical clindamycin
4). oral tetracycline or oral doxycycline

27

Cellulitis

1). flucloxacillin
2). clarithromycin (allergy to penicillin)
3). doxycycline (allergy + on statins)

On face take co-amoxiclav

28

Bites

Give prophylaxis
1). co-amoxiclav
2). metronidazole + clarithromycin
3). metronidazole + doxycyclin

pregnant give: ceftriaxone

29

Scabies

1). permethrin
2). malathion

30

Tick bite (Lyme disease)

1) doxycycline
2). amoxicillin