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Flashcards in CNS stimulants Deck (18)
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1

Amphetamines, Cocaine, Caffeine, Nicotine

CNS Stimulants

2

Amphetamine Mechanism of action

increase release and block the metabolism of norepinephrine, dopamine, adrenaline and serotonin

3

when a psychoactive substance produces an enhanced response to a smaller dose that the original

reverse tolerance

4

a period of time, lasting several days, where an individual consistently consumes large amounts of a psychoactive substance in frequent doses

binge

5

similar to withdrawal, where there symptoms are the extreme opposite of those caused by the psychoactive substance

rebound effects

6

repeating the same behavior over and over

stereotypy

7

increase in blood pressure
increased heart rate
irregular hearbeat
increased heart muscle tone
increaed metabolic rate
constriction of blood vessels
sudden cardiac arrest
changes in hormone levels
increase in blood sugar
elevated temperature
respiratory failure
insomnia
loss of appetite
increse in motor activity
increase in speech
dilated pupils
dry mouth
runny nose
muscle twitching
sexual stimulation
sweating
seizures
incresed urination
flushed face
rambling speech
chills
nausea
clumsiness
ringing in ears
flashes of light
increase in saliva
increase in bronchial secretions
deadening of taste buds

short term physiological effects

8

a mixture of cocaine, water and baking soda that is made into a paste and dried; the hard mixture is then broken up into "rocks", which are smoked

crack

9

the part of the brain responsible for reinforcing the rewarding effects of a psychoactive substance

nucleus accumbens

10

euphoria
increases arousal
excitation
stereotypy
increase in energy
increased concentration
perceived increase in strength
rambling thoughts
restlessness
feelings of enhanced metal ability
increase in tension
anxiety
irritability
aggression
paranoid ideation
delusions
auditory hallucinations

short term psychological effects

11

the opposite of insomnia, where a person has excessive sleepiness or fatigue

hypersomnia

12

a category of naturally occurring stimulants that includes caffeine, theophylline and theobromine

xanthines

13

a mild stimulant found in tea

thophylline

14

a mild stimulant found in chocolate

theobromine

15

the inhibitory neuromodulator most affected by caffeine consumption

adenosine

16

a series of symptoms that occur after approximately 650 mg of caffeine are consumed

caffeinism

17

caffeine mechanism of action

blocks the effects of adenosine. When adenosine is blocked dopamine and acetylcholine activity increase and CNS is stimulated.

18

substances thought to cause cancer

carcinogens