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Flashcards in Clinical Psychology Deck (33)
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Motivational Interviewing

Focus on factors that impede change
1) express empathy 2) develop discrepancies between current behaviors and goals 3) role with resistance 4) support self-efficacy

1

Motivational Interviewing
OARS

O - ask open ended questions
A - affirmations that express empathy & understanding
R - reflective listening which builds rapport
S - summarizing; reflective listening

2

Family Therapies

Systems are entities maintained by the mutual interactions of its components; these interactions are best understood in context.

3

Family Therapies
Cybernetics

Feedback loops:
Negative = maintains status quo.
Positive = amplifies deviation thereby disrupting the system. Promotes appropriate change in a dysfunctional family.

4

Family Therapies
Double-bind Communication

Usually verbal vs nonverbal
"Do this and you will be punished"
"Don't do this and you'll be punished"
Bowen posited this leads to schizophrenia

5

Communication / Interaction family therapy

MRI group Palo Alto. All behavior is communication, therefore we are always communicating. Even by doing nothing.

6

Communication / Interaction family therapy
Symmetrical vs complimentary communications

Symmetrical: reflect equality but may lead to one-upmanship
Complimentary: reflect inequality and maximize differences.

7

Extended Family Systems Therapy
Differentation

person's ability to separate his intellectual from emotional functioning

8

Extended Family Systems
Emotional Triangle

when a 2 person system experiences stress, a third party may be sucked in.

9

Extended Family Therapy
Genograms

depicts relationships between system members, important events and other important information.

10

Structural Family Therapy - Overview
Minuchin

Dysfunction seen as result of inflexible family structure that inhibits families from adapting to maturational / situational stressors.

11

Structural Family Therapy
Rigid Triads

1) Detouring occurs when a parent focus on child by overprotecting or blaming 2) stable coalition occurs when parent and child from across generation work together against another member 3) Triangulation occurs when each parent demands coalition with third party.

12

Structural Family Therapy
Techniques

Joining: attaching to the family / blending in.
Evaluating the Family: look at structure, relationships, problems
Restructuring: deliberately unbalance (stress) the families homeostsis

13

Strategic Family Therapy
Overview

Jay Haley, Milton Erickson; emphasis on role of communication, how it's used to extort control. Family will benefit from altering their transactions and organization.

14

Strategic Family Therapy
Paradoxical Intervention

Allows family member to see a symptom from an alternative point of view.

15

Milan Systemic Family Therapy

Families get stuck in their ways (loops) and the process squashes all creativity. Goal is to help families see their choices and to be assertive in choosing. Done by: Hypothesizing, Being Neutral, use of Paradox, and using Circular questions.

16

Behavior Family Therapy

Operant conditioning paired with social learning. 1)Focus on observable behaviors 2) ongoing assessment to identify targets 3) increase or decrease target behavior 4) focus on improving communication and problem solving.

17

Object Relations Family Therapy

Primary source of Px: projective identification. Many transferences are addressed: member to member, pscyh to member, etc.

18

Group Therapy Stages (3)

stage 1) Orientation, hesitant participation, search for meaning, dependency. 2) Conflict, Dominance, Rebellion. 3) Development of Cohesiveness.

19

Group Therapy Leader Roles

Creation and Maintenance / Culture Building, Activation and illumination of the here and now.

20

Feminist Therapy Overview

Power differences between women and men and how that impacts both groups behavior. Context of these power differentials; arbitrary labels and woman's role of survival

21

Feminist Therapy Techniques

Striving for egalitarian relationship. Utilize self-disclosures, demystify therapy process and encouraging clients to set their own goals. Avoiding labels. Avoiding revictimization. Involvement in social action.

22

Hypnosis

effective treatment for: acute stress , anxiety disorders, obesity, insomnia and chronic pain. Also used to uncover repressed memories.

23

Accupuncture

Used for reducing certain types of pain (headaches, migraine, lower back, dental), and for managing chemotherapy induced vomiting and nausea.

24

Reflexology

Treats stress, anxiety, certain types of pain, PMS, and other conditions.

25

Community Psychology

Public health driven; prevention of disease.
Primary interventions: decrease incidence of new cases.
Secondary: Decrease prevalence of MH D/O by shortening duration thru early intervention/detection
Tertiary: reduce duration and consequence thru rehab and other alternative options for those seeking care.

26

Community Psychology
Techniques

Education to: 1) reduce incidence by prevention model. 2) Improve care of the ill by educating the public

27

Community Psychology
Health Belief Model

Health behaviors are influenced by: 1) person's readiness to tale action (correlated to perceived vulnerability) 2) Person's evaluation of the benefits and costs of response 3) cues of action - family, media, others call for action
Practitioners can enhance behaviors by promoting personal responsibility and control.

28

Consultation - Stages

Entry: identify consultee needs, join. Diagnosis: gathering info, defining the problem and generating possible interventions. Implementation: choosing the intervention, formulating a plan then implementing. Disengagement: self explanatory.

29

Effect Size

converts data from different studies to a common unit of measure.