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Flashcards in Clinical Deck (89)
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1

Location of anal glands.

8 and 4 o'clock

2

Describe DA2LPP.

1) Distemper-respiratory
2) Adenovirus type 2-hepatitis
3) Leptospirosis-from rats
4) Parainfluenza-respiratory
5) Parvo-GI

3

What are the core vaccines for a dog? What is noncore?

-parvovirus, distemper, adenovirus 2, and rabies
-lepto, bordetella

4

Core vs noncore vaccines.

-core-vital to all dogs based on risk of exposure, severity of disease or transmissibility to humans.(should have these)
-noncore-are given depending on the dog’s exposure risk(only some may need depends)

5

Describe FVRCP.

1) Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis-respiratory herpes
2) Calicivirus-respiratory
3) Panleukopenia-feline distemper by parvovirus

6

What are the core vaccines for a cat? What is noncore?

-panleukopenia, calicivirus, feline viral rhinotracheitis rabies
-feline leukemia virus (FeLV)

7

Genus and species of canine and feline roundworm? Cat? Dog? Prepatent?

1) Toxascaris leonina
2) Toxacara catia
3) Toxocara canis
4) 14-21 days

8

Genus and species coccidia of Dog? Cat? Prepatent?

1) Isospora canis/Isopora ohioensis
2) Isopora felis/Isosphora rivolta
3) 7-10 days

9

How can you diagnose Clostridium perfringens?

high number of CP spores with clinical signs

10

What is the SG of most parasite ova?

between 1.18 and 1.27

11

For EDTA what is collected? Used for?

-serum
-CBC, morphology, platelet count

12

For RTT what is collected? Used for?

-serum (wait for it to clot, then spin it to get firbrin)
-chemistrys

13

For Heparin what is collected? Used for?

-plasma
-chemistrys

14

For Sodium Citrate is used for?

-platelet clotting and coagulation tests

15

Revolution-generic name and what it controls?

Selamectin, fleas, heartworm, roundworm, hookworm, scabies, ear mites

16

First Shield Trio-what it repels and kills?

fleas, ticks, mosquitos

17

Iverhart max-what it is for?

roundworm, hookworm, and tapeworm (Ivermectin/Pyrantel pamoate/Praziquantel)

18

Trifexis-what is the name and what it kills and prevents?

combination of Comfortis and Interceptor (Spinosad and Milbemycin), prevents heartworm, fleas, hookworm, roundworm, and whipworm

19

Comfortis-generic name and what is kills and prevents?

Spinosad, fleas

20

ProHeart-generic name and what it's for?

Moxidectin, heart worm and hooks for 6 months

21

What is the name of the cat scabies mite?

Notoedres cati, rare

22

What is the name of ear mites?

Otodectes cynotis

23

What is the liver specific function test?

Bile acids (enzymes GGT, ALKP)

24

Stages of heart worm and prepatent period.

7-9months
L1-microfilaria
L2-inside the mosquito
L3-infective stage/saliva

25

Genus and species of Whipworm for cat.

Trichuris campanula
Trichuris serrate

26

Explain the rabies procedure.

tag #, paper with county info don't register there, 3 copies 1 to keep 1 to send 1 for banfield, serial # and expiration, first time 1 yr 2nd time 3 yrs

27

What makes the system closed, semi closed, or open?

A Semi-closed circle system is a partial rebreathing system that is safe, practical, and an economical system to use in general practice in all patients, the pop-off valve is partially open, which the oxygen flow rate is higher than the metabolic needs of the patient, and waste gases exit through the pop-off valve. A closed circle system is a total rebreathing system where the pop-off valve is nearly or entirely closed, and the oxygen flow rate is just enough to meet metabolic needs of the patient

28

Name some nonrebreathers.

Mapleson A (Magill and Lack circuits), modified Mapleson D (Bain coaxial circuit), Mapleson E (Ayre’s T piece and Bain) or Mapleson F circuits (Jackson-Rees’ modification of Ayre’s T-piece and Normans mask elbow), and the Humphrey ADE

29

Describe the parts of the machine involved with a nonrebreather

delivery tube->reservoir bag->scavenger
delivery tube->vaporizer->flowmeter->pressure reducing valve->oxygen tank

30

How do you calculate the size of the rebreather bag?

the weight (kg) x 10-20mls/kg (tidal volume)= mls x 6
19kg x 10mls/kg= 190mls x 6= 950mls= 1L