What route of administration is the fastest? the slowest?
How can you avoid the sciatic nerve when giving an injection?
go in laterally at a 45 degree angle
What is the maximum volume that should be injected IM in one spot in a cat/dog?
no more than 2 to 5 mls
What is the rationale of pulling back on the syringe before giving an IM injection?
in order to ensure that the needle is not placed in a blood vessel
What complications can arise from fluids/medications being delivered by syringe and needle?
inflammation, pain, infection, allergic reactions
What can the technician do to increase blood flow to the vein?
pump the foot
If a hematoma occurs can you still reattempt veinipuncture, if so where?
above the injection site, not below
What size needle and syringe should be used when performing a venipuncutre on the femoral vein of a cat? why?
1-6 mls depending on the vein chosen and blood volume needed
Why might the the jugular vein be chosen for venipuncture over other sites?
it's a larger vessel, it's easier to hit, and you can obtain a larger volume
What surgical blades/handles are the most common for small animal surgery?
nos. 10, 11, 12 15
What are the functions of the mayo-hegar and olsen hegar needle holders?
holds tissue, scissors that cut suture
What are the functions of the metzenbaum dissecting scissors? the mayo?
delicate tissues, rough tissue and heave connective large muscle tissue
What are the functions of the backhaus towel clamps? the bone rongerus?
attaches towel to patient, breaks up bone
What are the functions of the roeder towel clamps? snook spay hook?
prevents being placed in deeply in tissue, grasps uterine horns
What are the functions of the gelpi retractor and weitlander retracter?
for orthopedic and neurological surgery
What are the functions of the kelly forceps? the halstead mosquito forceps?
medium vessels, small vessels
What are the functions of the kerns bone holding forceps? the mayo-hegar needle holders?
holds bone together, holds tissue
Which instrument does this describe? vertical and horizontal serrations (checker board)
rochester carmalt hemostatic forceps
The destruction of the vegetative form of bacteria but not spores
The destruction of all organisms and spores on an object
Scissors are categorized by?
cutting tissue, suturing wire, bandage material
Operating scissors are categorized by?
blades, type of points, and cutting edge of the blade
List 4 agents of disinfectants and examples.
idopher:iodine, biguanides: chlorhexidine, alcohols: ethyl alcohol, phenols: lysol, quaternary ammonium compound: benzalkonium chloride, chloride: chlorine, aldehyde: formaldehyde
Give advantage/disadvantage of cold sterilization.
advantage: use equipment more than once in a day, disadvantage: cannot be guaranteed
Temperature, time, and psi for autoclave
250 F, 13 mins, 15-35
Ethylene oxide being effective depends on what?
concentration of gas, exposure time, temperature, and humidity
How is ethylene oxide enhanced?
by increase in temperature or gas concentration
Examples of nonabsorable suture/absorbable suture
non: nylon, polphrophine, polyestor, silk ab: polyglactin, polyoglic, polyoxide
Which suture is not attached?
Which suture is the most atramatic?