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Flashcards in Clin practice 2 Deck (121)
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1

What route of administration is the fastest? the slowest?

IV, SubQ

2

How can you avoid the sciatic nerve when giving an injection?

go in laterally at a 45 degree angle

3

What is the maximum volume that should be injected IM in one spot in a cat/dog?

no more than 2 to 5 mls

4

What is the rationale of pulling back on the syringe before giving an IM injection?

in order to ensure that the needle is not placed in a blood vessel

5

What complications can arise from fluids/medications being delivered by syringe and needle?

inflammation, pain, infection, allergic reactions

6

What can the technician do to increase blood flow to the vein?

pump the foot

7

If a hematoma occurs can you still reattempt veinipuncture, if so where?

above the injection site, not below

8

What size needle and syringe should be used when performing a venipuncutre on the femoral vein of a cat? why?

1-6 mls depending on the vein chosen and blood volume needed

9

Why might the the jugular vein be chosen for venipuncture over other sites?

it's a larger vessel, it's easier to hit, and you can obtain a larger volume

10

What surgical blades/handles are the most common for small animal surgery?

nos. 10, 11, 12 15

11

What are the functions of the mayo-hegar and olsen hegar needle holders?

holds tissue, scissors that cut suture

12

What are the functions of the metzenbaum dissecting scissors? the mayo?

delicate tissues, rough tissue and heave connective large muscle tissue

13

What are the functions of the backhaus towel clamps? the bone rongerus?

attaches towel to patient, breaks up bone

14

What are the functions of the roeder towel clamps? snook spay hook?

prevents being placed in deeply in tissue, grasps uterine horns

15

What are the functions of the gelpi retractor and weitlander retracter?

for orthopedic and neurological surgery

16

What are the functions of the kelly forceps? the halstead mosquito forceps?

medium vessels, small vessels

17

What are the functions of the kerns bone holding forceps? the mayo-hegar needle holders?

holds bone together, holds tissue

18

Which instrument does this describe? vertical and horizontal serrations (checker board)

rochester carmalt hemostatic forceps

19

The destruction of the vegetative form of bacteria but not spores

disinfectant

20

The destruction of all organisms and spores on an object

sterilization

21

Scissors are categorized by?

cutting tissue, suturing wire, bandage material

22

Operating scissors are categorized by?

blades, type of points, and cutting edge of the blade

23

List 4 agents of disinfectants and examples.

idopher:iodine, biguanides: chlorhexidine, alcohols: ethyl alcohol, phenols: lysol, quaternary ammonium compound: benzalkonium chloride, chloride: chlorine, aldehyde: formaldehyde

24

Give advantage/disadvantage of cold sterilization.

advantage: use equipment more than once in a day, disadvantage: cannot be guaranteed

25

Temperature, time, and psi for autoclave

250 F, 13 mins, 15-35

26

Ethylene oxide being effective depends on what?

concentration of gas, exposure time, temperature, and humidity

27

How is ethylene oxide enhanced?

by increase in temperature or gas concentration

28

Examples of nonabsorable suture/absorbable suture

non: nylon, polphrophine, polyestor, silk ab: polyglactin, polyoglic, polyoxide

29

Which suture is not attached?

french eyed

30

Which suture is the most atramatic?

swaged needle