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Flashcards in CLEP - More Vocab Deck (40)
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1

Control

Technique of differentiating between factors that may or may not influence the relationship between variables

2

Observation

Technique that provides firsthand experience of real situations

3

Agents of Socialization

-family
-school
-peer groups
-mass media

4

Statuses

Position in a society or in a group

5

Roles

Behavior of a person occupying a particular position

6

Groups

A number of people interacting with one another in ways that form a pattern & who are united by the feeling of being bound together & by a "consciousness of kind"

7

Institutions

Organized systems of social relationships that emerge in response to the basic problems or needs of every society

8

Interaction processes

The ways role partners agree on goals, negotiate reaching them, & distribute resources

9

Instrumental leader

Task-oriented leaders who organize the group in the pursuit of its goals

10

Expressive leaders

Social-emotional leaders who achieve harmony & solidarity among group members by offering emotional support

11

2 well-known criticisms of bureaucracy expressed in Parkinson's Law

1. Peter Principle
2. Iron Law of Oligarchy

12

Social control

Series of measures that serve as a general guarantee of people conforming to norms

13

Negative sanctions

Indicate that social control has failed & that deviance has occurred

14

Major function of deviance

To reassure people that the system of social control is working effectively

15

Deviance serves several functions

-to unify the group
- as a safety valve

16

Social control techniques

-persuasion
-teaching
-force

17

Social control techniques can be

-planned
-unplanned
-informal (involving the approval or disapproval of significant others)
-formal (involving those in positions responsible for enforcing norms)

18

2 types of families

-family of orientation
-family of procreation

19

Economic order

Institutionalized organizational system of norms & behavioral patterns thru which goods & services are produced, distributed & consumed

20

Economic life

Includes the work we do, what type of economic organization we belong to, why we do it. & the measure of success attained as shown by wealth, property, income, & occupation itself

21

Traditionalism

Represents the type of economic motivation that sanctifies the past by preserving a certain practice bc it has always been that way

22

Economic rationality

Represents the type of economic motivation that embraces change & development, such as in the method of production

23

3 types of authority

-traditional
-rational-legal
-charismatic

24

Distribution systems

-barter system
-free-market system

25

Political order

Institutionalized system of organization & behavioral patterns thru which power is legitimately acquired & exercised

26

Power elite

Consists of military leaders, politicians, & business leaders who are responsible to no one but themselves

27

System of stratification

Refers to the institutions & ideas that permit or limit the distribution of prestige, status,& opportunities in life

28

Sexist ideology

A belief system assuming that innate characteristics translate into one gender being superior to another

29

Age stratification

The ways in which people are differently treated depending on their age

30

Inequality

The unequal distribution of social rewards