Flashcards in Classical Period Deck (58)
played by soloist and orchestra
a form of chamber music
played by two violins, viola, and cello
highly developed by beethoven
symphony, string quartet, sonata, concerto
developed by Haydn
symphony and string quartet
played by a solo instrument
played by the entire orchestra
Beethoven wrote 32 famous ones including the "Moonlight" and the "Pathetique"
has a trill played by the soloist to let the orchestra know when it is time for them to play again
contains a cadenza
symphony No. 40 in G minor, K. 550
Eine kleine Nachtmusik
String Quartet in C Minor, Op. 18, No.4
trumpet Concerto in E Flat Major
paino concerto No. 23 in a major
dies ire from Requiem in D Minor
piano sonata in C Minor, Op 13
. In classical music, is the texture basically polyphonic or basically homophonic?
. What is the difference in the treatment of dynamics in the Baroque Period and Classical Period?
Baroque—terraced; Classical—gradual or sudden
what does cosmopolitan mean
National differences were minimized and travel increased throughout Europe
Who were two of the pre-classical composers?
CPE Bach and JC Bach
Describe a typical Classical Orchestra. Why is that different than a Baroque Orchestra?
Baroque Orchestra could vary from piece to piece and may utilize a basso continuo
Classical Orchestra become much more standard using the four families of strings, woodwinds (in pairs), brass (in pairs) and timpani
Describe the audience Classical music would have been composed for.
Professional and amateur performers
Franz Joseph Haydn is known as ___
the father of symphony
How many symphonies did Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven write?
104 Haydn Mozart 40 Beethoven 9
Who did Haydn work for and why?
Esterhazy’s; he was the court musician
What were the nick-names of some of Haydn’s symphonies?
Surprise, Clock, Military, Drum Roll
How many movements are typically in a symphony? Describe them.
4; 1st movement--fast and in sonata allegro form; 2nd movement—slow and lyrical; 3rd movement—dance-like usually in minuet and trio or scherzo form; 4th movement—fast and in sonata allegro form