Classical Greek Mythology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Classical Greek Mythology Deck (51)
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1

hieros gamos

holy marriage

2

epithets

descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned

3

kataibatês

coming down (Zeus)

4

xenia

concept of hospitality, the generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home and/or associates of the person bestowing guest-friendship

5

chthonic

concerning, belonging to, inhabiting the underworld

6

parthenos

virgin

7

aegis

refers to someone's sponsorship or protection

8

liminal

threshold

9

herma

a heap of stones (Hermes)

10

apotropaic

telling evil spirits to get lost

11

aretê

human excellence (based on Ares' name)

12

enthousiasmos

enthusiasm

13

ecstasia

to "stand outside" himself

14

herm

a statue with a bearded head at the top and an erect phallus projecting out the front (Hermes)

15

psychopompus

guide of souls (Hermes)

16

hermeneuô

to perform the function of Hermes

17

kerykeion

staff carried by Hermes (with the 2 snakes)

18

votary

devotee/nun/monk

19

mystai (mystês sg.)

initiates

20

kykeon

mixture of milled barley, water and mint (pennyroyal)

21

irony

the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning

22

menos

power/life force

23

kouros

the young (17-21 year-old) man portrayed as the essence of male beauty (Apollo)

24

apellai

a male initiation festival

25

phoebus

bright (Apollo)

26

sôphrosynê

ideal of an excellence of character and soundness of mind

27

Panhellenic

representing all people of Greek origin/ancestry (Apollo)

28

atasthla

reckless

29

Crisa

Delphi (Apollo)

30

hubris

the act of belittling the honour of a god or person