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Flashcards in Civil War Deck (9)
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1

Caesar - buying Rome

Reputation with the Roman people - used wealth to increase popularity
Largesse to the army - soldiers had access to plunder
Favours to senators - buying office, money for constrution
Favours across the Med

2

Other factors

Absence from Rome for 10 years - avoided the controversies.
Legal question - did Caesar's command actually end?
Demonstrable military ability

3

Early moves

Senate votes Pompey overall command, all state money
Caesar quickly marches through Italy
Pompey and senate flee to Rome - panic and indecision

4

Corfinium - 49 bc

Caesar besieges Domitius Ahenobarbus, on surrender he is released
Policy of clementia
Caesar distances himself from Sulla

5

More proposals

Caesar - Domitius and Considius take over Gallic provinces, Pompey goes to Spain, Caesar stands for election
Senate - Leave Italy, then Pompey stops recruiting soldiers

6

Aftermath of the Battle of Pharsalus, 48 bc

Pompey withdraws to Egypt; executed on arrival
Caesar marches into palace with barely 2 legions
Decides issues in dynastic succession

7

The War in Africa

Cato marches to Africa from Cyrenaica and joins Metellus Scipio and Labienus
Juba in Numidia also joins them
Final victory at Thapsus - Lubienus escapes to Spain, but Scipio and Cato die

8

4 triumphs

Caesar had 4 triumphs in one month - Gaul, Egypt, Pharaces and Juba.

9

Final showdown, March 45 bc

Caesar marches to Spain against Pompey's sons and Labienus. War was brutal
Final battle at Munda
Caesar almost loses
Labienus killed in battle