Circular Motion-Centrifugation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Circular Motion-Centrifugation Deck (24)
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1

Give an overview of the rotation of a rigid body around and axis

All points of the body perform circular motion

The circular trajectories lie in parallel planes

The centres of the axis lie on the axis of rotation

2

What is the equation for circular motion?

.

3

What are the equation for angular acceleration and velocity?

4

What are the equations for distance travelled,velocity and tangential acceleration?

5

What is centripetal force?

The force of constant magnitude pointing towards the centre of rotation

Needed for uniform rotation of a particle of mass (m)

Centripetal force= Fc- changes the direction of velocity and gives rise to the centripetal acceleration ac

6

What is the equation for centripetal force and acceleration?

7

Describe torque moment

8

How do you separate the components of heterogenous systems?

Place the Heterogeneous in the field of an appropriate force

9

What is sedimentation?

Separation of the components of heterogenous systems by gravity

10

What is the equation for Sedimentation?

11

In which situations can the heterogeneous system not be separated by sedimentation?

12

What are the drawbacks to sedimentation?

Gravitational forces are weak so it often takes place very slowly or is impossible because of diffusion

13

What is centrifugation?

Separation of the components of heterogeneous systems by the centripetal force

14

What is the equation for centrifugation?

15

In what situation can the heterogeneous system not be separated by centrifugation?

16

Give an overview of sedimentation rate and the duration of centrifugation

17

Give an overview of the sedimentation rate

18

What are the equations for the sedimentation coefficient and the relative centrifugal force?

19

Describe the centrifuge

▪️Instrument used for the separation of heterogeneous systems by rotation ▪️main parts -axis -rotor -motor(fixed angle or swinging bucket)

20

What are the key points regarding rotor balancing?

▪️The overall radial force on the rotor must be very small or centrifuge may be damaged ▪️Tubes must be loaded symmetrically in the rotor ▪️The masses of tubes must be equal

21

What are the different centrifugation methods?

▪️Differential centrifugation ▪️Gradient centrifugation -zone velocity centrifugation -isopycnic centrifugation

22

Describe differential centrifugation

23

Describe zone velocity centrifugation

24

describe isopycnic centrifugation