Flashcards in Church and belief by 1547 Deck (30)
When was the Treaty of Nice signed and who between?
1538; Charles V and Francis I
When was Cromwell beheaded?
What title was Cromwell given in 1540?
Earl of Essex
What were Henry's four foreign policy aims?
To regain control of the former French territories; to establish himself as an equal with Charles V and Francis I; to maintain links with the Netherlands; to secure the Tudor dynasty
What was the Auld alliance?
A series of agreements signed by Scotland and France specifically against England
When did the Pope call a crusade against England?
Why was the Treaty of Nice bad for England?
It united the two biggest powers in Europe, who were being encouraged by the Pope to launch a crusade against England
When did James V die?
When was the Battle of Solway Moss and was it a victory or defeat for Henry?
When was the Treaty of Camp signed?
What did the Treaty of Camp give Henry?
Control of Bolougne for eight years and pension payment
What did Henry outline in his last speech in Parliament?
His legacy should be preserved; the Church of England should be preserved; in order to protect Edward disputes should be resolved
Why was Henry reluctant to attack France despite it being his most important foreign policy?
The Auld Alliance France had with Scotland
Between what years did France and Spain have an uneasy peace?
Why was Henry unable to exploit France's weakness in 1536 when war broke out with Spain again?
He had to deploy his forces to deal with the Pilgrimage of Grace
How long was the treaty of Nice meant to last for?
What was the Schmalkaldic League?
A group of German princes who defended Protestantism from Charles V's militant Catholicism
What did Cromwell go the Schmalkaldic League for?
A princess to marry Henry
What were Wyatt and Norfolk sent to do at the Spanish and French courts by Henry?
Try to disrupt the peace by exposing plots against the other country
When did the treaty of Nice end and why?
1541; Charles V agreed to an alliance with Stephen Gardiner
When was the Prebenderies Plot, and who did it try to discredit?
Why was Anne Askew burnt at the stake in 1546?
For spreading Protestant heretical literature
What is the 'Auld Alliance?'
An alliance between Scotland and France
Where did England defeat Scotland in the 1540s?
Solway Moss, Ancrum Moor and Pinkie
How large was Henry's army that invaded France in 1543?
What was the most notable outcome of the Treaty of Camp signed with France in 1546?
Secured Bologne for 8 years
What was the cost of the French war 1542-6 compared to the gain of the French pension?
£2.1m cost to £205,000 gain
When was the war with France?
What was the relationship between Jane Seymour and Edward Seymour, the Earl of Hertford?