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A- Level English Language Child Language Development/ Language Change > Child Language Theories > Flashcards

Flashcards in Child Language Theories Deck (25)
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1

Imitation Theory- Who's theory is it

Skinner

2

Imitation Theory- Skinner's quote

"children learn language through imitating their parents"

3

Imitation Theory- Evidence for it

Repetition of what parents say

4

Innateness Theory- Who's theory is it

Chomsky

5

Innateness Theory- Chomsky's quote

"Children are born with the ability to learn language"

6

Innateness Theory- Evidence for it

Overextension

7

Input Theory- Who's theory is it

Bruner

8

Input Theory- Summarise it

Children have to have interaction and input to learn language

9

Input Theory- What shows the importance of interaction with others

Child Directed Speech

10

Input Theory- What is L.A.S.S

Language Acquisation Support System

11

Cognitive Theory- Who's theory is it

Piaget

12

Cognitive Theory- Summarise it

Children have to understand concepts before they use appropriate language

13

Cognitive Theory- Who is this aimed at

Children from 12-18 months

14

What did Skinner label children as

naturally good mimics

15

What is evidence for the imitation theory

Children have the same accents their parents have, conditioned to speak in the way their parents do, Brown's "fis" phenomenon, phonemic contraction and melodic utterance

16

What is evidence against the imitation theory

Can't explain inflections, children produce language which their parents wouldn't have said, if they have imitated they wouldn't have learnt the grammatical rule, overextensions and underextensions, virtuous errors, babbling, Berko's Wug experiment & order of inflections

17

What is the claim for the Innateness theory

Children acquire language using their L.A.D, there are deep structures common to all, children know there will be word order and comply to it and learn word order.

18

What is evidence for the Innateness theory

Deaf children in Nicaragua, pre- verbal stages up to phoemic contraction, learning labels first, word order, Brown's regression model, virtuous errors/ overgeneralisations, Wug experiment, stages of language acquisition and imaginative language

19

What is evidence against the Innateness theory

Doesn't pay attention to the need for interaction, if the innateness theory completely explained it all then children would acquire from just listening, children need interaction, there is a critical period in which to acquire language (before puberty)

20

What is the claim for the Cognitive theory

Children must understand object permanence, intellectual development of a child will reflect on how quickly they acquire language and children must understand concepts

21

What is evidence for the Cognitive theory

The stages at which children can successfully do certain tasks corresponds to the stage at which they acquire and use comparative structures and lexis, object permanence, underextensions and order of inflections

22

What is evidence against the Cognitive theory

Links between language acquisition and intellectual development is perceived.

23

What is the claim for the Input/ Interaction theory

Interaction is important, has to be two way feedback, children are innately skilled at language acquisition and the L.A.D does exist but it should be triggered.

24

What is evidence for the Input/ Interaction theory

L.A.S.S- Language Acquisition Support System, C.D.S- Child Directed Speech, Children learn the process of turn taking and the pattern of question and answer, protoconversations and Haliday's interaction function words.

25

What is evidence against the Input/ Interaction theory

In Samoa and Papua New Guinea no child directed speech is use and the children are not impacted.