Flashcards in Chatper 2 Deck (75)
In 2010, how many on-duty FF fatalities were in the US?
What was the leading cause of death for FF?
stress or overexertion (a category that includes heart attacks and strokes)
What are the three hazards as a FF?
Fatality, Injury, Illness
What are two forms of illness?
Acute and Chronic
What is acute illness?
Sharp or severe, having a rapid onset and short duration (ex. cold and virus) lasts a few days and results in little lost duty time
What is chronic illness?
Long term and reoccurring (ex. cancer or diabetes) long lasting, can be fatal
What does it meant to make less harsh or intense; to alleviate?
What is a condition, substance, or device that can directly cause injury or loss? (The source of a risk)
What are common examples of respiratory diseases?
Asthma, lung cancer, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
What is the description of any atmosphere that poses an immediate hazard to lie or produces immediate, irreversible, debilitating effects on health?
Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH)
What are the four types of cancer that firefighters are at greater risk of contracting?
Testicular cancer, prostate cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and multiple myeloma (cancer of the bone marrow)
What is NFPA 1582?
Standard on Comprehensive Occupational Medical Program for Fire Departments
What is a stressor?
Any agent condition or experience that causes stress
What should you do if your personal stress management program is not working?
Seek assistance rom the employee assistance program (EAP)
What is the Employee Assistance Program (EAP)?
a program that helps employees and their families with work or personal problems
Which NFPA's establish criteria on uniforms or anything pertaining to clothing and equipment?
NFPA's 1971, 1975, 1977
Which NFPA's define safe training practices and programs?
NFPA's 1403, 1404, 1407, 1410, 1451
Which NFPA's set requirements for the care and maintenance of personal and respiratory protection equipment?
NFPA 1851 & 1981
Which NFPA's establish safety programs that departments must adopt?
NFPA's 1581 1582 and 1584
What is NFPA 1500?
NFPA 1500- Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program
What does NFPA 1500 do?
NFPA 1500 specifies the minimum requirements for a fire department safety and health program. May be applied to both public and private FD. Purpose is to promote safety
What type of system does NFPA 1500 require emergency operations be managed through?
incident management system (IMS) aka incident command system (ICS)
What must be included in the incident management system (IMS)
risk management plan and personal accountability system
What is a risk management plan?
a written plan that analyzes the exposure to hazards, implements appropriate risk management techniques, and establishes criteria for monitoring their effectiveness
What is rehabilitation (rehab) in terms of emergency operations?
Allowing firefighters to rest, rehydrate, and recover during an incident
What is the purpose of the employee assistance program (EAP)?
to help FF and their family with substance abuse, stress, and personal problems
What is the critical incident stress management (CISM) program?
to help provide counseling for personnel involved in highly stressful incidents, such as child fatalities, mass casualty incidents, or the death of a fellow FF
What does the acronym OSHA stand for?
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
What is the purpose of OSHA?
to ensure workplaces are free from hazards that can cause death or serious injury