Chapters 20 & 21 Flashcards Preview

Fundamental Concepts Nursing > Chapters 20 & 21 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 20 & 21 Deck (57)
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1

What are the most common accidents among patients

Falls, burns, cuts and bruises

2

What does RACE stand for

Resuce
Active
Contain
Extinguish

3

What is a biological agent, chemical, or condition that can be harmful to a persons health

Biohazard

4

What is the release of pathogenic microorganisms into a community to achieve political or military goals

Bioterrorism

5

What develops when most of all of the body is exposed to a high dose of radiation over a short period of time

Acute radiation sickness

6

Temperature, pulse, respiration, blood pressure, pain and oxygen saturation

Vital signs

7

Cellular chemical reactions in the body

Metabolism

8

Elevated temperature

Fever

9

What are pyrogens

Agents that cause fever

10

The rate at which heat is produced when the body is at rest

Basal metabolic rate

11

Heat loss occurs through what four factored

Radiation conduction convention and evaporation

12

What is pyrexia

Fever

13

Substances that cause fever

Pyrogens

14

What is diaphoresis

Excessive sweat production

15

A state of inefficient oxygen

Hypoxia

16

The volume of blood pressure pushed into the aorta per hear beat

Stroke volume

17

How to you calculate cardiac output

The pulse rate multiplied by the stroke volume

18

The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs and tissues and is initiated by the act of breathing

Respiration

19

Name the organs of the respiratory system

Nose pharynx lungs trachea larynx bronchi

20

What is systolic pressure

The maximum pressure exerted on the artery during left ventricle contraction

21

What is diastolic pressure

The lower pressure exerted on the artery when the heart is at rest

22

Excess fluid volume

Over hydration

23

What is tympanic temperature

Temperature taken in the eardrum

24

Temperature taken under the armpit

Axillary

25

What is core temperature

The temperature of the deep tissues of the body

26

Above normal body temperature

Hyperthermia

27

Sensations of cold and shaking

Chills

28

What is defervescene

The end of a fever

29

Gradual return to normal body temperature

Lysis

30

Hypothermia

Below normal body temperature