Chapters 1-4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 1-4 Deck (95)
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1

Sequences that don't code for identifiable proteins but in many cases produce molecules that influence the actions of coding sequences

noncoding sequences

2

stresses that human beings can only be understood by brooding our perspective one time and space. -perspective avoids ethnocentrism

anthropological perspective

3

the organelle that contains the DNA and controls the process of a cell

nucleus

4

cultural anthropology, anthropological linguistics, archaeology, biological or physical anthropology, applied anthropology

anthropology sub-fields

5

the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis also called crossing over

recombination

6

the view that most of earths geological features are the result of large scale catastrophes such as floods, volcanic eruption

catastrophism

7

1732-1802
Grandfather of Charles Darwin physician, inventor, natural philosopher, supporter of Lamarck

Erasmus Darwin

8

genes that influence the activity of other genes

regulatory genes

9

the mutual interactive evolution of human biology and culture; the concept that biology makes culture possible and that developing culture further influences the direction of biological evolution

bio-cultural evolution

10

study of disease and injury in skeletons from archeological sites

paleopathology

11

detailed descriptive studies of human societies in cultural anthropology an ethnography is traditionally the study of a non western society

ethnography's

12

relying on experience or observation; not merely theoretical

empirical

13

descriptive of an allele in a heterozygous individual that appears to be the only one affecting a trait

dominant

14

the focus within biological anthropology that is concerned with the biology and behavior of non human primates

primatology

15

the study of skeletal remains from archaeological sites

bioarchaeology

16

an allele is an alternative form of a gene that is located at a specific position on a specific chromosome

allele

17

Alleles for one charateristic assort or divide up among the gametes during mieosis independently of other alleles for other characteristics

principle of independent assortment

18

Basic units of DNA molecule, composed of a sugar, a phosphate, and one of 4 DNA bases

nucleotides

19

genetically determined classes of human blood that are based on the presence or absence of carbohydrates A and B on the surface of red blood cells; the phenotypes, also called blood types, are A, B, AB, and O

abo blood group

20

deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring

DNA

21

characteristics that are influenced by alleles at only one genetic locus

Mendelian traits

22

behavioral aspects of human adaptation, including technology, traditions, language, religion, marriage patterns, and social roles. Culture is a set of learned behaviors transmitted from on generation to the next by non biological (that is non genetic)means.

culture

23

Professional collector responsible for the finds of marine reptiles.
Her work was not respected because she was a woman.
One of the world's foremost experts on fossils, self taught expert on comparative anatomy.
Discovered the first plesiosaur
Discovered the first complete skeleton of an icthyosaur

Mary Anning

24

sex cells

gametes

25

The assembly of chains of amino acids into functional protein molecules

protein synthesis

26

A type of RNA, synthesized from DNA, that attaches to ribosomes in the cytoplasm and specifies the primary structure of a protein.

mRNA

27

a change in the genetic structure of a population. The term is also sometimes used to refer to the appearance of a new species.

evolution

28

transfer RNA; type of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome

tRNA

29

a provisional explanation of a phenomenon. requires verification or falsification through testing.

hypotheses

30

A method of producing thousands of copies of DNA segment using the enzyme DNA polymerase

polymerase chain reaction