Chapters 1&2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 1&2 Deck (37)
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1

Most common police calls

Parking violation...12.5%
Noninjury traffic...6.8%
Citizen assistance...6.7%
Gate alarm...6.6%
Found property...6.3%
Stolen vehicle recovery...5.7%
Traffic hazard...5.3%

2

Institution of Social control

Organization that persuades people to abide by the dominant values of society

3

2012 how much money was spend on the criminal justice system

$265 billion

4

In 2012 how much did how much did the CJ system cost each citizen

$844

5

Entrapment

Being set up to commit a crime

6

Juvenile status(age

18

7

When does a suspect become a defendant

If warrant is issued or indictment is found(when they have to defend themselves)

8

Summary Trial

Show up for misdemeanor or ordinance violation

9

Arraignment

Pretrial stage to hear info and allow a plea

10

What percent of defendants plead guilty

95%

11

5 types of punishment

1. fines
2. Probation
3. Intermediate punishment
4. Imprisonment
5. Death

12

Undercriminalization

The argument that some very harmful actions should be criminal

13

Under what age can you not be charged as an adult

7

14

malainse

"wrong in themselves" Characterized by universality and timelessness EX: Rape and murder

15

mala prohibita

Illegal because laws define them as so. Lack universality and timelessness EX: trespassing and gambling

16

M'naughten rule

Every man is presumed to be sane and it must be clearly proven that they had a disease of the mind at the time the crime was committed

17

Actus reus

Criminal conduct- intentional or criminally negligent action or inaction that causes harm

18

Status offense

an act that is illegal for a juvenile but would not be a crime for an adult

19

mens rea

Criminal intent; guilty state of mind

20

Insanity plea

mental or psychological impairment/retardation

21

Part one offense(Index crime)

1. murder and nonnegligent manslaughter
2.forcible rape
3.robbery
4. Aggravated assault
5. Burglary
6. larceny theft
7. motor vehicle theft

22

2014 Index crime for women

Fraud/embezzlement

23

the 3 C's

Courts cops and corrections

24

# of federal state and local agencies

50,000

25

public opinion poll of CJ confidence

41% had some confidence
26% had very little
3% had none
1% had no opinion

26

next step after arrest is made

booking

27

when does a suspect become a defendant

when they have to defend themselves- if warrant is issued or indictment is found

28

preliminary hearing

judge determines probable cause

29

what % plea bargain

95%

30

plea bargain

where a sentence is imposed if the accused pleads guilty to agreed on charges instead of going to trial