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Flashcards in Chapter ?- not in texbook Deck (32)
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1

self-perceptions

-guide and motivate behavior
-influence focus and attention
-impact our appraisals
-influence how we react to neg life events

2

identity

meanings associated with a role
-what it means to be a:
-parent
-exerciser
-physically active person

3

identifying with a behavior involves

-classifying oneself as a occupant of role
-internalizing role meanings

4

self-regulatory control system

-identity theory
-identifies provide a standard for behavior
-deviation from identity standard
-process influenced by strength of identification
-neg affect
-motivation to align behavior with identity

5

research

-strength of exercise identity is pos related to exercise behavior:
cross sectional and prospective support:
-weekly min of exercise
-weekly frequency of exercise
-indicates of physical fitness
-weekly frequency of exercise

6

research 2

-exercise identity strength is associated with variables known to known to be important in the self-regulation of:
-exercise self-efficacy
-exercise intentions
-exercise plans
-internal motivation for exercise

7

exercise and health identity challenges

in general: a strong exercise identity is associated with responses to identity challenges that suggest people will work hard to maintain that identity- behavior match

8

exercise identity: mechanisms

-self-efficacy mediates the relationship between exercise identity and exercise behavior

9

exercise identity: what do we know?

identifying with exercise is positively associated with:
-exercise
-variables known to aid in exercise self-regulation
-adaptive response pattern to identity challenges
exercise identity may influence PA in part through self-efficacy

10

fostering positive exercise identities

-identities are relatively stable
-but change over time has been demonstrated
-critical periods for identity change:
life transition or life changing event (uni, children)
when person begins an exercise program
-suggestions for how to change identity are scarce

11

fostering positive exercise identities: possible selves

-forming and reflecting upon a possible self should impact identity

12

possible selves

-what we hope (or fear) we will become
-more than goals
-goal: i could exercise
-possible self: i could become an exerciser and that would look like....
-serve as incentive for behavior

13

possible selves: past PA research

-reflecting on an exercise- related possible self (pos or neg)
-exercise behaviors of 4 and 8 weeks

14

fostering pos exercise identities

-draw on existing models/theory
-physical activity self-definition model
-possible selves literature

15

the physical activity self-definition model

-cross sectional support for model among active samples
-model should serve as a framework for understanding the process of identification

16

conclusions

-consider how ones views oneself (identity) when trying to understand health behavior
-we dont know a lot about how to effectively bring about change in exercise identity; more research needed

17

common responses to self-compassion activity

-personal response uses harsher language- more self-critical, judgemental, negative
-seen in the sport and exercise context
-self-criticism is neg associated to long term goal processes

18

research on self-critical responses

-academia
-musicians
-health related
self-report and objective- weight loss
athletes
-so what response would be the most adaptive when facing our flaws, failures, setback, and times of stress

19

mindfulness

-being aware vs over -identifying or ignoring

20

self-kindess

-gentleness and support vs judgement and self-criticism

21

common humanity

-connection vs isolation

22

common misperceptions

-self-centered/ego egotistical
-leads to passivity
-beg associated with neurocism

23

how does self compassion relate to self-esteem

past research focus on benefits of self-esteem
-high versus low self esteem
self-esteem: pos feeling of self/ confidence
-largely influenced by external standards/evaluations
self-compassions:
-orientation to care for oneself- not based on external evaluations

24

how can self-compassion help us

-clear goals
-monitor
-notice
-action
failure to use these steps=failure to goals

25

self-compassion and sport

-sport can be very stressful- alot of pressure to preform and succeed
-can lead to neg emotions, rumination, and self-criticism
-self-compassion associated with adaptive responses to neg sport experience

26

self-compassion

-fear of failure
-social physique anxiety
-fear of neg evaluation
-shame proneness

27

self-compassion intervention

-increase self compassion
-increase well being in sport
-increase meaning
-increase appreciating body
-increase responsibility
-increase vitality
-increase perseverance
-decrease neg affect
-decrease rumination
-decrease catastrophicing thoughts
-decrease concern on failure

28

self compassion and exercise

-less research has been completed in this context
pos related to:
-intrinstic motivation
-goal re-engagement
-exercise behavior
neg realted to:
-extrinstic motivation for exercise
-ego goal orientation
-obligatory exercise
-social physique anxiety
-rumination
-neg affect

29

fear of self-compassion

-self-criticism is necessary for success
-self-compassion leads to complacency
-neg associated with well-being in sport
-pos associated with rumination and self-criticism in sport
-other contexts pos associated with anxiety and depression

30

increasing self-compassion in athletes

1. must consciously and consistenly utilize mental training methods-requires commitment
2. supported and understood by athletes, coaches, and other team support
3. supportive environment