Chapter 8 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Vocab Deck (100)
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1

Joint

A site where two or more bones meet

2

How are joints classified?

by sructure and function

3

What are the three structural classifications of joints?

fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial

4

What are the three functional classifications of joints?

synarthroses,amphiarthroses,diarthroses

5

Immovable and slightly immoveable joints are typically restricted to what portion of the skeleton?

the axial skeleton

6

Which joints are generally immoveable?

fibrous joints

7

Which types of joints are generally freely moveable?

synovial

8

True or False: Cartilaginous joints have both rigid and slightly moveable examples

TRUE

9

Fibrous joints are composed of what type of tissue?

dense fibrous connective tissue

10

True or False: There is no joint cavity present in fibrous joints

TRUE

11

The amount of movement in a fibrous joint is dependant on___________

the length of the connective tissue fibers

12

What are the three types of fibrous joints?

sutures, syndesmoses,gomphoses

13

What is a suture?

a seam of very short connective tissue fibers that are continous with the periosteum

14

What are synostoses?

a term describing ossified, closed sutures

15

True or False: The sutures of the skull fuse during middle age

TRUE

16

In syndesmoses, bones are connected exclusively by ____________

ligaments

17

What is the pronounciation of Syndesmoses?

sin-des-mo-sez

18

Diarthroses

freely moveable joints

19

Amphiarthroses

slightly moveable joints

20

Synarthroses

immovable joints

21

True or False: There is a joint cavity present in fibrous joints

FALSE

22

What is a gomphosis?

A peg in socket joint

23

A gomphosis is a type of __________(structural classification) joint

fibrous

24

What is one example of a gomphoses?

A tooth in its alveolar socket

25

What are cartilaginous joints?

Joints in which the articulating bones are joined by cartilage

26

Cartilaginous joints are _______ moveable

not highly

27

What are the two types of cartilaginous joints?

synchondroses and symphyses

28

What are Synchondroses ?

Joints in which bone is united by a bar or plate of hyaline cartilage

29

What are two examples of synchondroses?

epiphyseal plates and costal cartilages

30

What is a symphysis?

A joint where bone is united by fibrocartilage