Flashcards in Chapter 8 Test Deck (85)
Independence from control over its internal affairs by another state
List the 6 largest states by land area in order
Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia
How many micro-states are recognized?
About 24, they're mostly islands
When was the UN established and why?
It was established in 1945 by the allies to help make peace and travel easier between countries
What types of countries joined the UN in 1955?
Mostly countries liberated by Nazi Germany
What types of countries joined the UN in the 1960s?
Mostly former African colonies of Britain and France
What types of countries joined the UN in the 1990s?
Micro-states and countries formed due to the breakup of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia
What are the 5 permanent members of the Security Council?
China, France, Russia, the UK, and the USA
What are 2 problems the UN faces?
1. Relies on individual countries for troops
2. Has trouble staying neutral
Give examples of a nation-state
Japan, Denmark, Egypt, Iceland, and Finland
The concept that ethnicities have a right to govern themselves, disregard current borders, and claim lost territory
Who is a nation defined by?
Only by its people
Define a state
An area organized into a internationally recognized political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over all its affairs
About how many states/ countries were there around WW2?
Only about 50
How many states/countries are there now?
Between 196-Just over 200
Why were there so few states during WW2?
Because before the war was over, most territory was controlled by colonial powers, but after the war many new states came into existance
What is an example of a non-self-governing state?
The western sahara
What are some states that have some, but not all, international recognition?
Palestine, Taiwan, Tibet, the Western Sahara
What is a quasi-state?
A territory that is legally tied to another state but isn't entirely independent
What's an example of a quasi-state?
Transnistria in Europe. Citizens there are citizens of Russia, Moldova, and Ukraine
What country declared independence after the break up of Yugoslavia?
What is the smallest state in the world?
The Vatican City
Define a micro-state and give an example
A state that's small in land area and/or population. Ex: Naru in the Pacific
Define a city-state and give examples
Monaco, Singapore, and Vatican City
What is the largest landmass in the world that isn't a sovereign state?
What does the Antarctic treaty prevent?
It prevents military action, new land claims, and taking advantage of Antartica's mineral resources and fresh water
What percent of the world's fresh water supply is in Antartica and what countries want it [the water]?
70%, and India, Mexico, and China want its water due to a booming population + urbanization
What is a nation?
A group of people that share a common ethnic bond and identity
Define a centripetal force
A force that helps unify a state/ hold a country together and brings people together