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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Test Deck (85)
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1

Define sovereignty

Independence from control over its internal affairs by another state

2

List the 6 largest states by land area in order

Russia, Canada, USA, China, Brazil, Australia

3

How many micro-states are recognized?

About 24, they're mostly islands

4

When was the UN established and why?

It was established in 1945 by the allies to help make peace and travel easier between countries

5

What types of countries joined the UN in 1955?

Mostly countries liberated by Nazi Germany

6

What types of countries joined the UN in the 1960s?

Mostly former African colonies of Britain and France

7

What types of countries joined the UN in the 1990s?

Micro-states and countries formed due to the breakup of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia

8

What are the 5 permanent members of the Security Council?

China, France, Russia, the UK, and the USA

9

What are 2 problems the UN faces?

1. Relies on individual countries for troops
2. Has trouble staying neutral

10

Give examples of a nation-state

Japan, Denmark, Egypt, Iceland, and Finland

11

Define self-determination

The concept that ethnicities have a right to govern themselves, disregard current borders, and claim lost territory

12

Who is a nation defined by?

Only by its people

13

Define a state

An area organized into a internationally recognized political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over all its affairs

14

About how many states/ countries were there around WW2?

Only about 50

15

How many states/countries are there now?

Between 196-Just over 200

16

Why were there so few states during WW2?

Because before the war was over, most territory was controlled by colonial powers, but after the war many new states came into existance

17

What is an example of a non-self-governing state?

The western sahara

18

What are some states that have some, but not all, international recognition?

Palestine, Taiwan, Tibet, the Western Sahara

19

What is a quasi-state?

A territory that is legally tied to another state but isn't entirely independent

20

What's an example of a quasi-state?

Transnistria in Europe. Citizens there are citizens of Russia, Moldova, and Ukraine

21

What country declared independence after the break up of Yugoslavia?

Kosovo

22

What is the smallest state in the world?

The Vatican City

23

Define a micro-state and give an example

A state that's small in land area and/or population. Ex: Naru in the Pacific

24

Define a city-state and give examples

Monaco, Singapore, and Vatican City

25

What is the largest landmass in the world that isn't a sovereign state?

Antartica

26

What does the Antarctic treaty prevent?

It prevents military action, new land claims, and taking advantage of Antartica's mineral resources and fresh water

27

What percent of the world's fresh water supply is in Antartica and what countries want it [the water]?

70%, and India, Mexico, and China want its water due to a booming population + urbanization

28

What is a nation?

A group of people that share a common ethnic bond and identity

29

Define a centripetal force

A force that helps unify a state/ hold a country together and brings people together

30

Define a centrifugal force

A force that tears people away, and often causes competition for recognition by minority ethnic groups