Chapter 8: From Concepts to Applications of Motivation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8: From Concepts to Applications of Motivation Deck (24)
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1

job design

the way the elements in a job are organized

2

job characteristics model

a model proposing that any job can be described in terms of five core job dimensions: skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback

3

skill variety

the degree to which a job requires a variety of different activities

4

task significance

the degree to which a job has a substantial impact on the lives or work of other people

5

autonomy

the degree to which a job provides substantial freedom and discretion to the individual in scheduling the work and in determining the procedures to be used in carrying it out

6

feedback

the degree to which carrying out the work activities required by a job results in the individual obtaining direct and clear information about the effectiveness of his or her performance

7

motivating potential score

a predictive that suggests the motivating potential in a job

8

job rotation

the periodic shifting of an employee from one task to another

9

job enrichment

adding high level responsibilities to a job to increase intrinsic motivation

10

relational job design

constructing jobs so employees see the positive difference they can make in the lives of others directly through their work

11

flextime

flexible work hours (generally go in and work 2 days a week in the office)

12

job sharing

an arrangement that allows two or more individuals to split a traditional 40 hour a week job

13

telecommuting

working from home at least 2 days a week through virtual devices that are linked to the employer's office

14

employee involvement and participation

a participative process that uses the input of employees to increase the employee commitment to organizational success

15

participative management

a process in which subordinates share a significant degree to decision making power with their immediate superiors

16

representative participation

a system in which workers participate in organizational decision making through a small group of representative employees

17

variable pay program

a play plan that bases a portion or all of an employee's pay on some individual and/or organizational measure of performance

18

piece-rate pay plan

a play plan in which workers are paid a fixed sum for each unit of production completed

19

merit based pay plan

a pay plan based on performance appraisal ratings

20

bonus

a pay plan that rewards employees for recent performance rather than historical performance

21

profit sharing plan

an organization wide program that distributes compensation based on some established formula designed around a company's profitability

22

employment stock ownership plan

a company established benefits plan in which employees acquire stock, often at below-market prices, as part of their benefits

23

flexible benefits

a benefits plan that allows each employee to put together a benefits package tailored to his or her own needs and situation

24

employee recognition program

a plan to encourage specific employee behaviors by formally appreciating specific employee contributions