Chapter 8- Erikson: Post-Freudian Theory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8- Erikson: Post-Freudian Theory Deck (68)
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1

A turning point in one's life that may either strengthen or weaken personality

Identity crisis

2

In what ways did Erickson differ from Freud?

He elaborated on psychosexual stages beyond childhood and placed more emphasis on both social and historical influences

3

Ericksons personality theory emphasized the ___ rather then ID functions.

Ego

4

According to Ericsson, ego is the center of personality and is responsible for unified sense of self. It consists of three interrelated facets:

The body ego, the ego ideal, and ego identity

5

According to Ericsson, this represents the image we have of ourselves in comparison with an established ideal; it is responsible for our being satisfied or dissatisfied not only with our physical self but with our entire personal identity

Ego ideal

6

According to Ericsson, this is the image we have ourselves in the variety of social roles we play

Ego identity

7

According to Ericsson this refers to experiences with our body; A way of seeing our physical self as different from other people

The body ego

8

According to Ericsson, although inborn capacities are important in personality development, The eagle emerges from and is largely shaped by:

Society. Child rearing practices 10 shape personalities that fit the needs and values of their culture

9

An illusion perpetrated and perpetuated by a particular society that it is somehow chosen to be the human species. A fictional notion that they are superior to other cultures.

pseudo-species

10

According to Ericsson, the ego develops according to a genetically established rate and in a fixed sequence, this is called the:

Epigenetic principle

11

According to Ericsson, in every stage of life there is an interaction of opposites, a conflict between a _______ (harmonious) element and a _______ (disruptive) element.

Syntonic, dystonic

12

The conflict between syntonic and dystonic elements produces an ego quality or ego strength which Erickson referred to as a

Basic strength

13

According to Ericsson, two little basic strength that anyone stage results in a:

Core pathology

14

During each stage, but especially from adolescence forward, personality development is characterized by an ______ ______, which Erickson called a turning point, crucial period of increased vulnerability and heightened potential where a person is especially susceptible to major modifications in identity, either positive or negative.

Identity crisis

15

Ericksons first psychosocial stage is ______, I. Encompassing approximately the first year of life and paralleling Freud's oral phase of development

Infancy

16

Ericsson expanded Freud's concept of the oral stage be on the mouth to include sensory organs such as the ______ and ____.

Eyes and ears

17

According to Ericsson, this is the psychosexual mode of infancy and is characterized by both receiving and accepting

Oral-sensory

18

The psychosocial crisis of infancy according to Ericsson is

Basic trust versus basic mistrust

19

From the crisis between basic trust and basic mistrust emerges the basic strength of infancy which is:

Hope

20

Infants who do not develop hope retreat from the world causing the core pathology of infancy which is called:

Withdrawal

21

Ericksons second psychosocial stage is a period paralleling Freud's anal stage and encompassing approximately the second and third years of life, it is called:

Early childhood

22

Ericksons early childhood stage is similar to Freud's anal stage but also includes mastery of other body functions such as ______, ______, and _______.

Walking, urinating, and holding

23

The psychosexual mode of Ericksons early childhood is:

Anal-urethral-muscular mode, a time where children learn to control their body, especially in relation to cleanliness and mobility. Children of this age behave both impulsively and compulsively

24

The psychosocial crisis of Ericksons early childhood stage is:

Autonomy versus shame and doubt

25

The basic strength of Ericksons early childhood stage is:

Will

26

The core pathology of Ericksons early childhood stage is:

Compulsion

27

Ericksons third stage of development is a period covering the same time as Freud's phallic phase, roughly ages 3 to 5 years, it is called:

Play age

28

In Ericksons play age which parallels Freud's phallic phase, Ericsson saw the _______ ______ as an early model of lifelong playfulness and a drama played out in children's minds as they attempt to understand the basic facts of life.

Oedipus complex

29

The primary psychosexual mode of Ericksons play age is _____-_______, meaning that children have both an interest in genital activity and an increasing ability to move around

Genital-locomotor

30

The psychosocial crisis of Ericksons play age is

Initiative versus guilt