Flashcards in Chapter 8- Erikson: Post-Freudian Theory Deck (68)
A turning point in one's life that may either strengthen or weaken personality
In what ways did Erickson differ from Freud?
He elaborated on psychosexual stages beyond childhood and placed more emphasis on both social and historical influences
Ericksons personality theory emphasized the ___ rather then ID functions.
According to Ericsson, ego is the center of personality and is responsible for unified sense of self. It consists of three interrelated facets:
The body ego, the ego ideal, and ego identity
According to Ericsson, this represents the image we have of ourselves in comparison with an established ideal; it is responsible for our being satisfied or dissatisfied not only with our physical self but with our entire personal identity
According to Ericsson, this is the image we have ourselves in the variety of social roles we play
According to Ericsson this refers to experiences with our body; A way of seeing our physical self as different from other people
The body ego
According to Ericsson, although inborn capacities are important in personality development, The eagle emerges from and is largely shaped by:
Society. Child rearing practices 10 shape personalities that fit the needs and values of their culture
An illusion perpetrated and perpetuated by a particular society that it is somehow chosen to be the human species. A fictional notion that they are superior to other cultures.
According to Ericsson, the ego develops according to a genetically established rate and in a fixed sequence, this is called the:
According to Ericsson, in every stage of life there is an interaction of opposites, a conflict between a _______ (harmonious) element and a _______ (disruptive) element.
The conflict between syntonic and dystonic elements produces an ego quality or ego strength which Erickson referred to as a
According to Ericsson, two little basic strength that anyone stage results in a:
During each stage, but especially from adolescence forward, personality development is characterized by an ______ ______, which Erickson called a turning point, crucial period of increased vulnerability and heightened potential where a person is especially susceptible to major modifications in identity, either positive or negative.
Ericksons first psychosocial stage is ______, I. Encompassing approximately the first year of life and paralleling Freud's oral phase of development
Ericsson expanded Freud's concept of the oral stage be on the mouth to include sensory organs such as the ______ and ____.
Eyes and ears
According to Ericsson, this is the psychosexual mode of infancy and is characterized by both receiving and accepting
The psychosocial crisis of infancy according to Ericsson is
Basic trust versus basic mistrust
From the crisis between basic trust and basic mistrust emerges the basic strength of infancy which is:
Infants who do not develop hope retreat from the world causing the core pathology of infancy which is called:
Ericksons second psychosocial stage is a period paralleling Freud's anal stage and encompassing approximately the second and third years of life, it is called:
Ericksons early childhood stage is similar to Freud's anal stage but also includes mastery of other body functions such as ______, ______, and _______.
Walking, urinating, and holding
The psychosexual mode of Ericksons early childhood is:
Anal-urethral-muscular mode, a time where children learn to control their body, especially in relation to cleanliness and mobility. Children of this age behave both impulsively and compulsively
The psychosocial crisis of Ericksons early childhood stage is:
Autonomy versus shame and doubt
The basic strength of Ericksons early childhood stage is:
The core pathology of Ericksons early childhood stage is:
Ericksons third stage of development is a period covering the same time as Freud's phallic phase, roughly ages 3 to 5 years, it is called:
In Ericksons play age which parallels Freud's phallic phase, Ericsson saw the _______ ______ as an early model of lifelong playfulness and a drama played out in children's minds as they attempt to understand the basic facts of life.
The primary psychosexual mode of Ericksons play age is _____-_______, meaning that children have both an interest in genital activity and an increasing ability to move around