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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (20)
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1

Adequacy Appeals to authority

Authority must be identified
Must be recognized by experts in the field
The particulate authority must be in. Field the expert has knowledge
There should be a consensus among the experts in the field regarding the particular matter in support of which the authority is cited

2

Appeals to anecdotal evidence

Just because a friend was Robbed while on vacation in Honduras doesn't mean that the whole country is unsafe to visit

3

Argument from authority (ad vercundiam)

This is appeals to unqualified authority
This is a fallacy of weak induction

4

Other issues relevant to appeals to authority

Citing an authority in on field in an argument that is not part of their field.

5

Other authority issues

Citing biased authority even if they have relevant credentials

6

Argument from authority

An idea that is true just because authority days so
9/10 doctors agree (but what kinda/ who are the doctors?)

7

Argument from force (ad baculum)

This is argument. With a stick
Bullying someone to agree with you

8

Appeal to pity (ad misericordiam)

Playing on sympathy of others to get them to agree with you?

9

Red herring

Using and argument to get you off track

10

Poisoning the well

Put your advisary in a position where they can't agree or disagree with you

11

What is a slippery slope?

Fallacy he we make the mistake of thinking that if we take one step along a certain path then nothing can stop us from sliding into inevitable ruin.

12

The fallacy of accident

From what is true generally to what is true only in a certain respect

13

Missing the point

This occurs when the premise of an arguement supports something that misses the point

14

What is adequacy

A matter of degree
Can be more or less

15

Appeal to ignorance

When the premises of an argument states that nothing has been proved.

16

Hasty generalization

This fallacy occurs when there is a reasonable Likely hood that the data or truth is wrong

17

False cause

This is hen the link between premise and collusion de

18

Weak analogy

This fallacy affects inductive arguments from analogy

19

Begging the question

No dogs are cats
Therefore no cats are dogs

This doesn't really prove anything

20

Handbags

Jshajshsh