Flashcards in Chapter 6 Test Deck (120)
What are the 3 biggest universalizing religions?
Christianity, Islam, Buddhism
What are the 2 biggest ethnic religions?
What's the difference between a universalizing and ethnic religion?
A universalizing religion's main goal is conversion, and is widespread. An ethnic religion typically doesn't have one specific founder, and is part of one's ethnic identity because it isn't worldwide.
What % of the world's population subscribes to a universalizing religion?
What % of the world's population subscribes to an ethnic religion?
What is another name for an ethnic religion and why is it called that?
Called "Natural religions" because of the importance they place on the natural landscape and specific natural landmarks
Who is the founder of Christianity?
Jesus of Nazareth
What year was Christianity founded?
What does CE stand for?
Where does Christianity predominate?
The Wester Hemisphere
Why can Christianity be found all over the world?
Missionary work, colonization, and migration
How did Christianity spread in the early days?
Missionaries using a network of Roman roads
Who is the founder of Islam?
What year was Islam founded?
How many people subscribe to Islam?
Where can Muslim people commonly be found?
Half of them are in the middle east and the rest are in North Africa, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India
What are the 2 major branches of Islam?
Sunni and Shi'a
What do the Sunni believe?
That after Muhammad's death, the leader of the Muslim community should be elected
What do the Shi'a believe?
That after Muhammad's death, the leader of the Muslim community should be a blood relative of Muhammad
Where did Islam come from and diffuse to in the early days?
Islam originated in the Arabian peninsula to Spain through North Africa all the way to India as Muslims began creating an empire in the 600s and 700s
Who is the founder of Buddhism?
When was Buddhism founded?
What religion was Siddhartha originally and why did he question it?
He was originally a Hindu but began to question the limitations of the caste system
Why did Buddhism catch on/ diffuse and to who?
It diffused slowly at first but then caught on because it offered an appealing alternative to Hinduism and helped those who felt confined by the caste system achieve peace in this world
How many people subscribe to Judaism worldwide?
What religion is considered the first recorded monotheistic religion?
Who does Islam, Judaism, and Christianity trace their roots to?
Where do Jews live in the world today?
6 million Jews live in the US and most live in and around cities. 6 million Jews live in Israel.
2 million Jews live in Europe
Why did Judaism diffuse?
It diffused rapidly out of necessity due to refugees fleeing religious persecution