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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Test Deck (120)
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1

What are the 3 biggest universalizing religions?

Christianity, Islam, Buddhism

2

What are the 2 biggest ethnic religions?

Judaism, Hinduism

3

What's the difference between a universalizing and ethnic religion?

A universalizing religion's main goal is conversion, and is widespread. An ethnic religion typically doesn't have one specific founder, and is part of one's ethnic identity because it isn't worldwide.

4

What % of the world's population subscribes to a universalizing religion?

52%

5

What % of the world's population subscribes to an ethnic religion?

26%

6

What is another name for an ethnic religion and why is it called that?

Called "Natural religions" because of the importance they place on the natural landscape and specific natural landmarks

7

Who is the founder of Christianity?

Jesus of Nazareth

8

What year was Christianity founded?

33 CE

9

What does CE stand for?

Common Era

10

Where does Christianity predominate?

The Wester Hemisphere

11

Why can Christianity be found all over the world?

Missionary work, colonization, and migration

12

How did Christianity spread in the early days?

Missionaries using a network of Roman roads

13

Who is the founder of Islam?

Muhammad

14

What year was Islam founded?

610 CE

15

How many people subscribe to Islam?

1.6 billion

16

Where can Muslim people commonly be found?

Half of them are in the middle east and the rest are in North Africa, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India

17

What are the 2 major branches of Islam?

Sunni and Shi'a

18

What do the Sunni believe?

That after Muhammad's death, the leader of the Muslim community should be elected

19

What do the Shi'a believe?

That after Muhammad's death, the leader of the Muslim community should be a blood relative of Muhammad

20

Where did Islam come from and diffuse to in the early days?

Islam originated in the Arabian peninsula to Spain through North Africa all the way to India as Muslims began creating an empire in the 600s and 700s

21

Who is the founder of Buddhism?

Siddhartha Guatama

22

When was Buddhism founded?

500 BC

23

What religion was Siddhartha originally and why did he question it?

He was originally a Hindu but began to question the limitations of the caste system

24

Why did Buddhism catch on/ diffuse and to who?

It diffused slowly at first but then caught on because it offered an appealing alternative to Hinduism and helped those who felt confined by the caste system achieve peace in this world

25

How many people subscribe to Judaism worldwide?

16 million

26

What religion is considered the first recorded monotheistic religion?

Judaism

27

Who does Islam, Judaism, and Christianity trace their roots to?

Abraham

28

Where do Jews live in the world today?

6 million Jews live in the US and most live in and around cities. 6 million Jews live in Israel.
2 million Jews live in Europe

29

Why did Judaism diffuse?

It diffused rapidly out of necessity due to refugees fleeing religious persecution

30

What is the oldest religion in the world?

Hinduism