Flashcards in Chapter 6- Horney: Psychoanalytic Social Theory Deck (50)
This theorists theory was built on the assumption that social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping personality.
Karen Horney- psychoanalytic social theory
Horny excepted many of Freud's observations, but she objected most to his interpretation on _____ psychology
Horny felt great hostility toward her stern, devoutly religious father, and idolized her:
Horny's writings deal mostly with ________ personalities
Corny agreed with Freud that early childhood traumas are important, but she placed far more emphasis on ________ factors
Horny criticized Freudian theory on at least three accounts:
1) it's rigidity towards new ideas
2) it's skewed view of feminine psychology
3) it's over emphasis on biology and the pleasure principle
Horny insisted that modern culture is too competitive and that competition leads to hostility and feelings of _______. These conditions lead to exaggerated needs for affection and cause people to overvalue _____.
Horny believed that neurotic conflict stems largely from childhood traumas, most of which are traced to a lack of genuine _______. Children who do not receive genuine affection feel threatened and adopt rigid behavioral patterns in an attempt to gain ______.
Horny believe that his parents do not satisfy the child's need for safety and satisfaction, the child develops feelings of ______ _______ toward the parents.
Horny believed that repressed hostility then leads to profound feelings of insecurity and a vague sense of apprehension, this condition is called:
Horny originally identified for general ways that people protect themselves against basic anxiety:
Affection, submissiveness, Power or prestige, and withdrawal. Normal people have the flexibility to use any or all of these approaches, but neurotics are compelled to rely rigidly on one.
Horny identified 10 neurotic needs that mark neurotic people in their attempt to reduce basic anxiety, these include:
1) Needs for affection and approval
2) Needs for a powerful partner
3) Needs to restrict one's life within narrow borders
4) needs for power
5) needs to exploit others
6) needs for social recognition or prestige
7) needs for personal admiration
8) needs for ambition and personal achievement
9) needs for self-sufficiency and independence
10) needs for perfection and unassailability
Horny describes this neurotic need as an attempt to please others by living up to their expectations, to dread self-assertion, and they are quite uncomfortable with the hostility of others and hostility within themselves.
The neurotic need for affection and approval
This neurotic need includes and overvaluation of love and a dread of being alone or deserted. These people lack self-confidence. Horny.
The neurotic need for a powerful partner
This neurotic need causes people to remain inconspicuous, to take second place, and to be content with very little according to horny.
The neurotic need to restrict one's life within narrow borders
This neurotic need manifests itself as the need to control others and to avoid feelings of weakness or stupidity according to horny.
The neurotic need for power
This neurotic need causes neurotics to evaluate others on the basis of how they can be used according to horny.
The neurotic need to exploit others
This neurotic need causes neurotics to try to be first, to be important, or to attract attention to themselves according to horny.
The neurotic need for social recognition or prestige
This neurotic need causes neurotics to have a need to be admired for what they are rather than for what they possess. Their inflated self-esteem must be continually fed by others and they need the approval of others according to horny.
The neurotic need for personal admiration
This neurotic need is characterized by a strong drive to be the best and to defeat other people in order to confirm their superiority. Horny.
The neurotic need for ambition and personal achievement
This neurotic need is characterized by having a strong need to move away from people, proving that the person can get along without others. Horny.
The neurotic need for self-sufficiency and independence
This neurotic need is characterized by dreading making personal mistakes and having personal flaws. These people attempt to hide their weaknesses from others. Horny.
The neurotic need for perfection and unassailability
Horny group the 10 neurotic needs into three basic neurotic trends:
1) moving toward people
2) moving against people
3) moving away from people
According to horny, people who adopt a compliant attitude in order to protect themselves against feelings of helplessness are:
Moving towards others
According to horny, people who use aggressive behaviors to protect themselves against perceived hostility from others are:
Moving against others
According to horny, people who behave in a detached manner that protects them against feelings of isolation by appearing arrogant and aloof are:
Moving away from others
Three neurotic needs are characteristic of those who move towards people. Horny.
1) affection and approval
2) powerful partner
3) narrow limits to life
According to horny, five neurotic needs are characteristic of those who move against people:
6) recognition and unassailability
7) personal admiration
8) personal achievement
According to horny, two neurotic needs are characteristic of those who move away from people:
9) self-sufficiency and independence
10) perfection and prestige