Chapter 6 - Etruscan/Roman Art Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Etruscan/Roman Art Deck (28)
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1

Romans were first to use ___ arch extensively

Round

2

The result of crossing two barrel vaults

Groin vault

3

Building material pioneered by Romans

Concrete

4

Domed structure with a temple front and an oculus

Pantheon

5

Built the largest forum in Rome and commissioned artists to tell the story in a spiraling frieze on a giant colum

Emperor Trajan

6

First emperor of Rome, also inaugurated the Pax Augstea

Octavian Augustus

7

Roman emperor whose military accomplishments are reflected in bronze equestrian statue

Marcus Aurelius

8

First Christian emperor, was baptized on his deathbed

Constantine

9

Type of perspective used in roman paintings that was not created mathematically

Intuitive perspective

10

Vacation home in Pompeii depicting Dyonisian cults

Villa of the Mysteries

11

Mosaic depicting aftermath of a banquet

The Unswept Floor

12

Group sculpt that marks a return to abstraction and idealization

The Tetrarchs

13

Fresco illustrating passage from life to death of a young man

Tomb of Hunting and Fishing, Tarquinia

14

Trend in Roman republican portraiture depicting subjects in realistic detail without idealization

Verism

15

Sculptor combined orator pose with contropossto

Augustus of Primaporta

16

Life size Etruscan terracotta sculpture

Apollo of Veii

17

Sculpture portraiture that emphasized virtue and wisdom

Portrait head of an elder

18

Copy of a Greek original by Lysippus, placed in baths of Caracalla

Farnese Hercules

19

Large rectangular public building in the Trajan forum, including nave, apses, and legal center

Basilica Ulpia

20

Unofficial religions imported from conquered nations and tolerated by the status quo

Mysteries

21

Most of the Etruscan imagery and artifacts that have reached us are from ___

Tombs/Necro

22

Christian persecutions intensified in the year 250 but were ended in the year 313 by Emperor ____

Constantine

23

Greek letter sign seen by Constantine in a dream

Chi-Rho

24

Long period of peace and prosperity inaugurated by Emperor Octavian Augustus

Pax Romana (Roman Peace)

25

Arch of Constantine, a marvel of sculpture recycling, celebrated this victorious battle

Battle of the Milvian Bridge in which Constantine defeated Maxentius

26

Built in four arcades, this Roman landmark was a stadium for Gladiator games

Coliseum or Flavian Amphitheater

27

The Roman temple differs from the Greek in that...

It can only be accessed from the front

28

Altar built in the times of Octavian Augustus to celebrate a period of peace and prosperity known as the Pax Romana

Ara Pacis Augustae