Chapter 6: Enlightenment and Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6: Enlightenment and Revolution Deck (17)
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Issac Newton explained the...

Law of Universal Gravitation


The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by...

Nicholas Copernicus


European art of the 1600s and early 1700s was dominated by a grand, ornate style called...



In general the philosophes believed...

progress for society


Francis Bacon helped to develop...

the scientific method


The philosophes influenced Catherine the Great's...

proposal on reforms to Russia's laws


Frederick II supported...

the freedom of worship


How did the Baroque style and the neoclassical style differ?

Baroque was grand and ornate; neoclassical was simple and elegant


What did Andreas Versalius and Voltaire both do...

challenge preexisting ideas


How did Zacharias Janssen make Anton van Leeuwenhoek's discovery possible...

he invented the microscope


What did the Catholic Church ban...

the Encyclopedia


What is true of the neoclassical style of art...

emphasized elegance and simplicity


What reflects the neoclassical style...

a church built in a simple elegant style


What was caused by the Scientific Revolution...

improvements in medicine and scientific instruments


What was the law of universal gravitation...

all physical objects are affected equally by the same forces


What are the correct sequence of steps used in the scientific process...

Observation, Question, Hypothesis, Experimentation, Conclusion


How did the Enlightenment ideas influence the arts and literature in Europe during the 1700s? Give examples

Art and Literature were in a vulnerable state around the time of the Enlightenment in the 1700s. The world was so full of ideas and newly acquired knowledge , that all thoughts were soon becoming popularly displayed in art forms or books of literature. People, mainly women gathered in salons, or large drawing rooms, to host a discussion time for great intellects, to deliberate on Enlightenment thoughts and ideas. One of the biggest works was Diderot's Encyclopedia, it held many articles that included Enlightenment views and started being published in 1751. By the use of salons and the Encyclopedia, Enlightenment ideas spread all of Europe to educate people. The surge of Enlightenment ideas was almost uncontrollable and even spread through documents such as newspapers, pamphlets, and even political songs. The middle classes attention was immediately captured by the Enlightenment, for they could support the work of many intellects and were very excited for the highly captivating Enlightenment ideas.