Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (63)
What is PPE composed of?
personal protective clothing (PPC) and personal alert safety system (PASS)
What is NFPA 1500?
NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program
What is NFPA 1981?
NFPA 1981, Standard on Open-Circuit SCBA for Emergency Services
What is NFPA 1982?
NFPA 1982, Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS)
What is proximity fire fighting?
includes aircraft, hazardous materials transport, and storage tank fires; activities required for rescue, fire suppression, and property conservation at fires that produce high radiant, conductive, or convective heat
What is a limitation of structural PPC?
prevents heat from being transferred away from the body
What can helmets be equipped with?
face shields or goggles
What NFPA requires that all protective coats used for structural FF be made of 3 components: outer shell, moisture barrier, and thermal barrier?
What are the 3 components of protective coats used for structural FF?
outer shell, moisture barrier, and thermal barrier
What is the first step to take when doffing the SCBA mask?
make sure you are in the safe zone and away from contaminated atmospheres
What is considered an oxygen deficient atmosphere?
less than 19.5%
What are the four types of cleaning for PPE?
routine, advanced, specialized, and contract
What should you do if your PPE is contaminated with flammable liquid or blood?
When is heating protection required?
when the noise exceeds maximum noise exposure levels (90 decibels in the US and 85 decibels in Canada)
What are the 3 settings of the PASS alarm?
off, alarm, and sensing
What is NFPA 1977?
NFPA 1977, Standard on Protective Clothing and Equipment for Wildland Fire Fighting Operations
What type of underclothing should you never wear when fighting a wildland fire?
clothing made of synthetic material such as nylon or polyester; the materials can become heated and stick to your skin causing serious burns
What is the best protection when working on a roadway?
being visible to other motorists and working behind a barrier formed by the apparatus
What is NFPA 1999?
NFPA 1999, Standard on Protective Clothing for Emergency Medical Operations
What is NFPA 1975?
Standard on Station/Work Uniforms for Emergency Services
When should PPE be inspected?
at the beginning of the work shift, after every use, after washing, repair, decontamination, and on a periodic basis such as weekly or monthly
What temperature do first degree burns start at?
when skin temperature reaches 118 degrees F
What temperature do second degree burns start at?
131 degrees F
What temperature do third degree burns start at?
152 degrees F
What are examples of respiratory hazards?
products of combustion, toxic gases, and superheated or oxygen deficient atmospheres
What are common respiratory hazards?
oxygen deficiency, elevated temperatures, particulate contaminants, gases and vapors, and airborne pathogens
What is the most common cause of oxygen-deficient atmospheres?
combustion; consumes O2 and produces toxic gases which displace O2 or dilute its concentration
What is an accumulation of fluids in the lungs?
What is a fatal condition caused by severe oxygen deficiency and an excess of carbon monoxide and/or other gases in the blood?