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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (63)
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1

What is PPE composed of?

personal protective clothing (PPC) and personal alert safety system (PASS)

2

What is NFPA 1500?

NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program

3

What is NFPA 1981?

NFPA 1981, Standard on Open-Circuit SCBA for Emergency Services

4

What is NFPA 1982?

NFPA 1982, Standard on Personal Alert Safety Systems (PASS)

5

What is proximity fire fighting?

includes aircraft, hazardous materials transport, and storage tank fires; activities required for rescue, fire suppression, and property conservation at fires that produce high radiant, conductive, or convective heat

6

What is a limitation of structural PPC?

prevents heat from being transferred away from the body

7

What can helmets be equipped with?

face shields or goggles

8

What NFPA requires that all protective coats used for structural FF be made of 3 components: outer shell, moisture barrier, and thermal barrier?

NFPA 1971

9

What are the 3 components of protective coats used for structural FF?

outer shell, moisture barrier, and thermal barrier

10

What is the first step to take when doffing the SCBA mask?

make sure you are in the safe zone and away from contaminated atmospheres

11

What is considered an oxygen deficient atmosphere?

less than 19.5%

12

What are the four types of cleaning for PPE?

routine, advanced, specialized, and contract

13

What should you do if your PPE is contaminated with flammable liquid or blood?

specialized cleaning

14

When is heating protection required?

when the noise exceeds maximum noise exposure levels (90 decibels in the US and 85 decibels in Canada)

15

What are the 3 settings of the PASS alarm?

off, alarm, and sensing

16

What is NFPA 1977?

NFPA 1977, Standard on Protective Clothing and Equipment for Wildland Fire Fighting Operations

17

What type of underclothing should you never wear when fighting a wildland fire?

clothing made of synthetic material such as nylon or polyester; the materials can become heated and stick to your skin causing serious burns

18

What is the best protection when working on a roadway?

being visible to other motorists and working behind a barrier formed by the apparatus

19

What is NFPA 1999?

NFPA 1999, Standard on Protective Clothing for Emergency Medical Operations

20

What is NFPA 1975?

Standard on Station/Work Uniforms for Emergency Services

21

When should PPE be inspected?

at the beginning of the work shift, after every use, after washing, repair, decontamination, and on a periodic basis such as weekly or monthly

22

What temperature do first degree burns start at?

when skin temperature reaches 118 degrees F

23

What temperature do second degree burns start at?

131 degrees F

24

What temperature do third degree burns start at?

152 degrees F

25

What are examples of respiratory hazards?

products of combustion, toxic gases, and superheated or oxygen deficient atmospheres

26

What are common respiratory hazards?

oxygen deficiency, elevated temperatures, particulate contaminants, gases and vapors, and airborne pathogens

27

What is the most common cause of oxygen-deficient atmospheres?

combustion; consumes O2 and produces toxic gases which displace O2 or dilute its concentration

28

What is an accumulation of fluids in the lungs?

pulmonary edema

29

What is a fatal condition caused by severe oxygen deficiency and an excess of carbon monoxide and/or other gases in the blood?

asphyxiation

30

What are sources of particulate contaminants?

vehicle exhaust emission, chemical reactions, heated metals or metal compounds, and combustion