Flashcards in chapter 6 Deck (30)
what are the measurements at which food should be stored?
15cm (6 inches) off the floor and 5cm (2 inches) away from the walls
where should raw food be stored?
on the bottom shelf
pet feces in food is an example of ______ contamination
biological or physical
what is cross contamination
a situation in which harmful substances travel from one surface to another. Cross contamination can spread micro organizms from one surface of food to another. Can also spread substances that can cause allergic reactions
how does cross contamination happen?
when ready to eat food comes into contact with meat juices
food handler who is carrying the dangerous substance to the safe food
cutting board that hasn't been sanitized properly
how to prevent cross contamination
practice good personal hygiene
wash hands often
clean and sanitize equipment being used
wash the top of the can and the can opener
clean friuit and veg
how often should utensils and equipment be cleaned?
how long should food not be kept in the danger zone?
what are the 4 ways to ensure food is thawed safely?
thaw frozen food in the fridge
thaw food with cold running water that is safe to drink
use cooking time to thaw food
thaw frozen food in the microwave, only if you are going to cook it right away
what are the 2 ways to slow down the growth of micro organisms
keep food at safe temperatures
reduce the amount of time that food is in the Temperature Danger Zone
how often should you check the temp of fridges and freezers
atleast once a day
how often should you check the temp of hot and cold food in holding units?
what temp should refridgerated food be kept?
4 degrees (40F)
what temp should frozen food be kept
which thermometers are used in the food industry?
bi-metallic stem, and thermocouple
what is the most effective way to reduce the growth of bacteria?
food that is held at room temperature for more than 2 hours should be thrown out... true or false
what are the important tips for food cooking
try not to cook large quanities at once
make sure food is heated evenly
don't cook stuffing inside a chicken turkey or other meat
be careful with ground meats
measure temps with thermometer
what is the temperature when reheating food
to 74 degrees (165F) or hotter for atleast 15 seconds
how many times should you reheating food
what temp should chicken reach
internal temp of 85C 185F
what temp should pork lamb beef reach
what temp should fish reach
what temp should eggs reach
when cooling food that is made at room temp. the maximum amount of time the food should spend in the danger zone is
you can cool food quickly by putting the food container into an ice water bath
how is an allergic reaction different to food intolerance
an allergic reaction then a person has a chemical reaction to the food.. food intolerance is when the person is missing the enzyme in order to digest the food
how do allergens get into the body
eating or drinking the allergen
breathing the allergen in
absorbing the allergen through the skin
what are the symptoms of an allergic reaction
stomach cramps diarrhea