Chapter 5 Vocab Flashcards Preview

MGMT 3720 - Organizational Behavior > Chapter 5 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Vocab Deck (66)
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1

Personality

The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others.

2

Heredity

Factors determined at conception; one's biological, physiological, and inherent psychological makeup.

3

Personality Traits

Enduring characteristics that describe an individual's behavior.

4

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)

A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types.

5

Big Five Model

A personality assessment model that taps five basic dimensions.

6

Extraversion

A personality dimension describing someone who is sociable, gregarious, and assertive.

7

Agreeableness

A personality dimension that describes someone who is good natured, cooperative, and trusting.

8

Conscientiousness

A personality dimension that describes someone who is responsible, dependable, persistent, and organized.

9

Emotional Stability

A personality dimension that characterizes someone as calm, self-confident, secure (positive) versus nervous, depressed, and insecure (negative).

10

Openness to Experience

A personality dimension that characterizes someone in terms of imagination, sensitivity, and curiosity.

11

Dark Triad

A constellation of negative personality traits consisting of Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy.

12

Machiavellianism

The degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance, and believes that ends can justify means.

13

Narcissism

The tendency to be arrogant, have a grandiose sense of self-importance, require excessive admiration, and have a sense of entitlement.

14

Psychopathy

The tendency for a lack of concern for others and a lack of guilt or remorse when their actions cause harm.

15

Approach-Avoidance Framework

The framework by which individuals react to stimuli, whereby approach motivation is attraction to positive stimuli and avoidance motivation is our aversion to negative stimuli.

16

Core Self-Evaluation (CSE)

Bottom-line conclusions individuals have about their capabilities, competence, and worth as a person.

17

Self-Monitoring

A personality trait that measures an individual's ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors.

18

Proactive Personality

People who identify opportunities, show initiative, take action, and persevere until meaningful change occurs.

19

Situation-Strength Theory

A theory indicating that the way personality translates into behavior depends on the strength of the situation.

20

Trait Activation Theory (TAT)

A theory that predicts that some situations, events, or interventions "activate" a trait more than others.

21

Values

Basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence.

22

Value System

A hierarchy based on a ranking of an individual's values in terms of their intensity.

23

Terminal Values

Desirable end-states of existence; the goals a person would like to achieve during his or her lifetime.

24

Instrumental Values

Preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one's terminal values.

25

Personality-Job Fit Theory

A theory that identifies six personality types and proposes that the fit between personality type and occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover.

26

Power Distance

A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which a society accepts that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequally.

27

Individualism

A national culture attribute that describes the degree to which people prefer to act as individuals rather than as members of groups.

28

Collectivism

A national culture attribute that describes a tight social framework in which people expect others in groups of which they are a part of to look after them and protect them.

29

Masculinity

A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which culture favors traditional masculine work roles of achievement, power, and control. Societal values are characterized by assertiveness and materialism.

30

Femininity

A national culture attribute that indicates little differentiation between male and female roles; a high rating indicates that women are treated as the equals of men in all aspects of the society.