Flashcards in Chapter 5: Absolutism Deck (22)
Who did the Glorious Revolution bring to England's throne?
What king became France's most powerful ruler and boasted, "I am the State"?
By the end of the 1600's what had England's system of government become?
A constitutional Monarchy
Why did Peter the Great build the city of St. Petersburg?
He wanted a city on a seaport that would make it easier to travel to the West
European monarchs become absolute monarchs in response to?
religious and territorial conflicts that caused warfare and revolts
Who did the Restoration "restore" to power in England?
What did Fredrick the Great believe a ruler should be?
A father to his people
What was Peter the Great the first Russian ruler to make an effort to do?
How did the economy of central Europe differ from that of Western Europe?
Organize and utilize a secret police force
What problem helped to weaken the Spanish Empire?
Spain experienced a period of severe inflation and heavy taxes
What was one reason Ivan IV was called Ivan the Terrible?
He organized a police force that murdered people he considered traitors
How did the United Providences of the Netherlands differ from neighboring states?
It had elected governors whose power depended on landowners and merchants
What event led to the War of Spanish Succession?
Charles II made Louis XIV's grandson his heir, adding to Bourbon power
In the mid-1600's the group that was the LEAST dependent on the labor of serfs?
The nations of Western Europe
Fredrick the II came to power as the...
King of Prussia
The war of the Austrian Succession was fought over the possession of the lands belonging to...
At the time that Peter the Great took the throne, the most essential part of the Russian economy was...
The Seven Years' War resulted in...
No exchange of territories in Europe
Peter the Great's main reason for visiting the West was to...
Learn about Western customs and technology
The first Russian ruler to adopt the title czar, meaning "Cesar" was...
Ivan the Terrible
In Russia, the boyars were...