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Agricultural Revolution

Time where new forms of agriculture were developed

1

Industrial Revolution

Time were new invention were made to help the production of goods

2

Enclosure

The process of taking and owning your own farmland

3

Crop Rotation

Changing crops in a field to help restore nutrients in the soil

4

Cottage Industry (Putting Out System)

Giving cotton to peasants so they can produce cloth

5

Reasons why Britain was First to industrialize

-Natural Resources
-Demand and Capital
-Strong government

6

Textile Industry

Britain's first large industry, the processing of cotton to cloth

7

Steam Engine - James Watt

The first engine to be created, essential to Industrial Revolution

8

Eli Whitney

Inventor who created the cotton gin

9

Urbanization

When people started to move into cities

10

Tenements

Cheap cramp apartments were workers lived

11

Labor unions

Groups that helped protect workers

12

Thomas Malthus

Saw that population was increasing faster than the food supply

13

Socialism

Groups of people would own and control means of production

14

Means of production

Factories, farms, or businesses that produced or distributed goods

15

Utopians - Robert Owen

Believed in the creation of a perfect society

16

Karl Marx

Created his own form of Socialism, Communism

17

Communism

Form of socialism where the struggle between social classes would lead to a classless society where means of production is controlled by community

18

Proletariat

Nickname for industrial workers

19

Laissez-Faire - Adam Smith

Government cannot interfere with production

20

Capitalism

A single person owns and controls the means of production

21

Utilitarianism - Jong Stuart Mill

All people need to be happy and everyone should receive the same pay