Flashcards in Chapter 4-Who Are the Learners? Phases of Counselor Development Deck (45)
How can supervisors help counselors who are struggling with having inadequate conceptual maps?
1. Go to class empathic responding, asking questions
2. five-stage structure for interview (Ivey)
3. Learn through self-reflection and supervision.
**The student just has to go through it!**
How else can supervisors help counselors who are struggling with having inadequate conceptual maps?
1. Give less intense cases
2. Give some conceptual maps on how to manage sessions
3. Have strong, close supervision.
In the Advanced Student Phase, how is disullusionment described?
Expecting too much
Feeling frustrated when clients are stuck or stagnate
How else can supervisors help counselors With disillusionment?
1. clients’ momentary insights
2. Exceptions to previous behavior
3. Avoidance of negative experiences
*Remind counselors of overall positive effects of counseling
In the Advanced Student Phase, what is meant by Orientation to a counseling theory?
Students must deal with the important question of a guiding theory.
Rønnestad and Skovholt found that counselors take one of four orientations toward counseling theory-what are they?
(1) commitment to one theory but open to others,
(2) making serial attachments to theories, (3) being laissez-faire with no commitment to theory,
(4) being a “true believer” who fiercely defends one approach while rejecting others.
Which orientations are associated with higher-quality counselor-client relationships?
Commitment to one theory with openness and serial attachment tendencies
How might supervisors help counselors who are more oriented towards laissez-far or true believer theories?
1. Laissez-fare-ask Student to commit to 1 theory for the semester
2. True believer-challenge student’s assumptions about this one theory
3. Group supervision that encourages peers to provide feedback and varied ideas
In the Advanced Student Phase, what is important about Need for intensive supervision and training?
1. Help counselor not become stagnant
2. Leave training with a sense of “faking it.”
3. Supervisors are affirming and express growth in the counselor.
What are 5 themes Skovholt and Rønnestad (2003) found in the Novice Professional phase?
1. need for further learning
2. finding one’s own style
3. making a readjustment
4. learning to set boundaries
5. desire for mentoring.
In the Novice Professional phase, what do counselors learn about the need for further learning?
1. Their current skills do not work with all clients and issues.
2. They realize lack of expertise from protocols to specific psychological issues.
In the Novice Professional phase, what is meant by finding one’s own style?
They can find their own combinations of informality, verbosity, calmness, liveliness, humor, seriousness, emotionality, or intellectuality, as examples.
In the Novice Professional phase, what is meant by making a readjustment?
Making a change in work environment if there is a mismatch between the requirements of counseling work and the novice’s personality
How might supervisors help counselors who may need to make a readjustment?
Help them explore work environments that best match their capacities, personality, or interests.