Chapter 4- Tissue Organization Flashcards Preview

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The primary tissue types found in the human body is...

Epithelial, connective, muscle, and neural

1

The type of tissue that covers exposed surfaces and lines internal passageways and body cavities...

Epithelial

2

The two types of layering recognized in epithelial tissues are...

Simple and stratified

3

The type of cells that form glandular epithelium that secretes enzymes and buffers in the pancreas and salivary glands are...

Simple cuboidal epithelium

4

The type of epithelial tissue found along the ducts that drain sweat glands is...

Stratified cuboidal epithelium

5

A single layer of epithelial cells covering a basal lamina is termed...

Simple epithelium

6

Simple epithelial cells are characteristics of regions where...

Secretion and absorption occur

7

From a surface view, cells that look like fried eggs laid side by side are...

Squamous epithelium

8

Stratified epithelium has several cell layers above the basal lamina and is usually found in areas where...

Mechanical or chemical stresses occur

9

Cells that form a neat row with nuclei near the center of each cell and that appears square in typical sectional views are...

Cuboidal epithelium

10

The major structural difference between columnar epithelia and cuboidal epithelia that the columnar epithelia...

Are taller and slender and the nuclei are crowded into a narrow band close to the basement membrane

11

Simple squamous epithelium would be found in the following area(s) of the body...

1. Urinary tract and inner surface of circulatory system
2. Respiratory surface of lungs
3. Lining of body cavities

12

Stratified columnar epithelia provide protection along portions of...

Reproductive, digestive, respiratory, and urinary

13

Glandular epithelia contain cells that produce...

Exocrine and endocrine secretions

14

The three basic components of all connective tissues are...

Specialized cells, extra cellular protein fibers, and ground substance

15

The two most abundant cell populations found in connective tissue proper are...

Fibroblasts and fibrocytes

16

Most do the volume in loose connective tissue is made up of...

Ground substance

17

The major purpose of adipose tissue in the body are...

Energy storage, cushioning, and insulation

18

Reticular tissue forms the basic framework and organization for several organs that have...

A complex three-dimensional structure

19

Tendons are cords of dense regular connective tissue that...

Attach skeletal muscles to bones

20

Ligaments are bundles of elastic and collagen fibers that...

Connect one bone to another bone

21

The three major subdivisions of the extra cellular fluid in the body are...

Plasma, interstitial fluid, and lymph

22

Bone functions as a supporting connective tissue because...

1. The collagen fibers act like steel reinforcing rods
2. The mineralized matrix acts like concrete
3. Minerals surrounding the collagen fibers produce a strong, flexible combination that is highly resistant to shattering

23

The two types of supporting connective tissue are...

Cartilage and bone

24

The type of tissue that fills internal spaces and provides structural support and a framework for communication within the body is...

Connective

25

The three major types of cartilage found in the body are...

Hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage

26

The pads that lie between the vertebrae of the spinal column contain...

Fibrocartilage

27

The mucous membranes that are lined by simple epithelia perform the functions of...

Absorption and secretion

28

The mesothelium of serous membranes is very thin, a structural characteristic that makes them...

Extremely permeable

29

Bone cells found in the lacunae within the matrix are called...

Osteocytes