Chapter 4: Culture & Social Media Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4: Culture & Social Media Deck (20)
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1

Cultural Homogenization

reduction in cultural diversity through the popularization & diffusion of a wide array of cultural symbols

2

Custom

practices followed by the people of a particular cultural group

3

folk culture

- traditionally practiced by small, homogenous groups living in isolated rural areas
-influenced by physical & cultural factors

4

Popular culture

found in large, heterogenous society that shares certain customs despite differences in other characteristics

5

taboo

restriction on a behavior imposed by a social custom

6

Two elements of culture emphasized in this chapter

daily necessities & leisure activities

7

Popular culture (origin, diffusion, & distribution)

- product of developed countries, usually North America or Europe
- often traceable to a specific person/corporation
- diffuses rapidly with the help of modern communication
- widely distributed across many countries w/ little regard for physical features

8

Folk culture (origin, diffusion, & distribution)

- anonymous origin (hearth), unknown sources
- smaller scale & slower transmission (relocation)
- local physical & cultural factors influence distribution; isolation bc of physical barriers

9

Folk Music

anonymous origin, transmitted orally, content centers on events in daily life, migration of people diffuses music

10

Popular Music

music written by specific individuals w/ the intent of being sold or performed, high degree of technical skill, connections among musicians across the globe

11

Transformation of soccer

originated in England in 11th century, organized clubs were formed & professional players hired, rules were standardized & professional leagues were established
folk --> popular

12

Folk clothing

style worn in response to distinct ag practices & climate conditions

13

popular clothing

reflects occupation & income rather than environment

14

Folk food

adapted to conditions in environment, taboos based on perceived beliefs (cultural) about food... e.g. muslims not eating pork

15

Coke & Pepsi distribution

- Pepsi was sold in the Soviet union
- Many former soviets eventually switched to Coke bc pepsi was associated w communism

16

Folk housing

influenced by:
available resources
(two most common are wood & brick)
climate & local topography
sacred spaces & features (door orientation, Eastern wall is sacred in Fiji, etc.)

17

Diffusion of TV, internet, & social media

- by mid-twentieth century TV's were everywhere
- late twentieth century, more rapid than TV's,
- same pattern as TV & internet

18

Challenges with electronic media

External threat: developed countries control the media
Internal threat: social media (limiting access to TV & internet content)

19

Challenges w/ preserving folk culture

increased connection w/ popular culture
impacts of globalization on the landscape
global diffusion of beliefs that challenge subservience of women to men

20

In what ways can popular culture adversely affect the landscape?

Pollution of landscape (golf courses, motels, fast food restaurants)
Depletion of scarce natural resources