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Gideon vs. Wainwright

Court held that if a person is accused of a felony and cannot afford an attorney, the government must provide an attorney for the accused person.


Miranda Rights

You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to speak to an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you. Do you understand these rights as they have been read to you?


Miranda vs. Arizona

Ernesto Miranda was charged with the kidnapping and rape of a young woman. His lawyer appealed his conviction arguing that the police had never informed him of his right to remain silent and be represented by counsel.


Right to assembly and petition

State and local governments cannot bar people's right to assemble, but they can require a permit.


Exclusionary Rule

Prohibits the admission of illegally seized evidence at trials in federal courts.